News UpdatesOrissa HC Refuses Termination Of A Mentally-Challenged Rape Survivor’s Pregnancy; Issues Slew Of Directions For State Govt. To Handle Similar Cases [Read Order] Sparsh Upadhyay23 Sep 2020 9:38 PMShare This – xThe Orissa High Court on Wednesday (23rd September) refused to allow the termination of the pregnancy of a physically and mentally-challenged rape survivor.The Single Bench of Justice Biswanath Rath was hearing the plea of a mother seeking permission for terminating the pregnancy of an unmarried, physically handicapped and mentally retarded daughter a rape victim under the provisions of…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Orissa High Court on Wednesday (23rd September) refused to allow the termination of the pregnancy of a physically and mentally-challenged rape survivor.The Single Bench of Justice Biswanath Rath was hearing the plea of a mother seeking permission for terminating the pregnancy of an unmarried, physically handicapped and mentally retarded daughter a rape victim under the provisions of The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971, The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Rules, 2003, and The Medical Termination of Pregnancy Regulations, 2003.The Court, while taking into account the restrictions in the Act, 1971 and suggestions of the Doctors found that the termination of pregnancy of the victim will put the life of the victim in danger.Therefore, the Court declined to give the relief of medical termination of the unwanted and unsolicited pregnancy of more than 24 weeks.Further, the Court held the State responsible for the plight of the victim and therefore, directed the State Government to pay as an immediate measure, a sum of Rs 5 lakh by way of ex-gratia within seven days to the girl’s mother (to be kept in long term Fixed Deposit in any Nationalized Bank in the name of victim).The Court took into account the factual position of the matter and settled legal position, and while declining termination of pregnancy for the complications involved in the case, the Court observed, “The pregnancy on the victim is forced one and it being contrary to her choice. The victim has been forced not only to carry an unwanted pregnancy but is also forced to give birth to the child against her will. No doubt she will carry a stigma and humiliation for the rest part of life for the offspring born as a result of ghastly recurrence of rape committed on her along with stigma and humiliation on the child and in case it is a female child, looking to the complex society, it is still worse.”Further, the Court said,”Situation involved here compelled this Court to give a comprehensive thought to give absolute protection not only to the victim but also to the child to give birth so also to support the mother of the victim a wife of a poor labourer, who has come forwarded to take care of the victim. This Court also observes, in the event the mother faces any difficulty, may redress on such aspect to the District Administration, who shall be duty-bound to take care of the request as far as practicable.”Specific Directions Given by the Court1- The state government would grant a sum of ₹ 3 lakh if the 22-year-old woman delivers a male child and ₹ 5 lakh if she gives birth to a female child. The amount will be kept in Fixed Deposit in any nationalized Bank2. Amount granted by way of ex gratia shall however be in addition to the grant of any payment to the victim and the child on the application of The Victim Compensation Scheme under the provisions of Section 357-A of the Code of Criminal Procedure decided by trial Court or any other authority competent to do so.3- Considering the mental condition of the victim and financial condition of the family, utmost care of the victim is to be taken in continuation of her pregnancy. The best medical facility be made available so as to ensure proper care and supervision during the period of pregnancy as well as postnatal care.4- Looking to the mental retardedness along with physical handicapness in the victim, there may be periodical check-up of the victim by a Psychiatric Expert and other related doctors.5- The entire transport, medical and medicinal expenses including accommodation of the victim and her mother, if necessary during treatment, shall be the responsibility of the District Administration.6- The entire education of the child will be the responsibility of the State7- The child to be born shall be given proper treatment and nutrition by the State and if any medical aid is necessary it shall also be provided to him/her by the State at least till the child is sufficiently grown-up. General Directions Given by the Court1- Once an incident of rape; be it on a minor, minor and mentally retarded, minor and physically handicapped, unmarried major, married major, mentally retarded major and physically handicapped major is made to Police within eight weeks period, the Police and the C.D.M.O will take consent of the guardian-mother in case of minor, minor and mentally retarded, minor and physically handicapped as to whether they are interested to continue with the pregnancy or interested in termination?In case of major and physically handicapped, consent of such victim and in case major but mentally retarded, consent of mother of such victim shall be taken within the same time as to whether the victim should continue with the pregnancy or interested in termination.This Court here clarifies, in case there is no interest shown for continuing with the pregnancy, immediately after the 1st report of Committee the local Chief District Medical Officer should undertake the exercise of termination but in terms of the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, 1971.In case interest for termination is not shown then the Police authority along with Chief District Medical Officer is to take care of both mother and child in womb involving pre-birth care and postbirth care for at least till a period of one year after birth takes place.Further in case of unmarried major and married major, a procedure indicated hereinabove shall also be followed but however with the consent of the major girl.In case of termination of pregnancy, the C.D.M.O shall take a DNA sample of the child to ensure its handing over to Investigating Agency, so as to be forwarded to the concerned Court for the requirement, if any, there in the criminal trial.2- To maintain the secrecy of the pregnancy and termination, the State will ensure, if necessary, to handover such mother to remain in the custody of Woman Rehabilitation Centre until her delivery and convalescence.3- In case the victim and her mother wish to live in their own residence, they may do so but will be provided with all medical help by the State Authority at the cost of the State.4- In required cases, the State will also permit the girl’s mother to either live with her or regular visit to give moral and emotional support and all medical support will be extended by the State through such Institution.5- In case of involvement of child through physically handicapped and/or mentally retarded woman subject to a medical assessment that such a mother is unable to take care of the child born provided there is no elder member coming forward to take care of such child, keeping in view the welfare of the child he or she may be taken care under the Juvenile Justice care mechanism involving agency engaged for such purpose and for about at least 12 months such child will not be given in adoption. This is, however, if there is nobody in the family to take care of such child in course of time.6- In cases it shall equally be the responsibility of the applicant society to ensure that the child does not know about his/her mother and of course about the incident.7- There should be an immediate grant of exgratia-cum compensation subject to further grant of victim compensation involving the criminal trial.8- Considering such incidence occurring for the failure of Law and Order Authority in case of the requirement of high-level treatment of rape victim or the child born in such process, the victim and/or the child will be provided with the highest level of treatment at the cost of the State including the attendant’s journey, accommodation and fooding cost, if any.9- Report of the Doctor or team of Doctor, as the case may be, obtained with all the promptitude and any delay at the level of State 25 Authority shall lead to fixation of accountability and responsibility against all such involved.10- When a pregnant mother is required for examination by a Medical Board for the purpose of termination, it must include apart from Obstetrics and Gynecology also (i) Paediatrics, (ii) Psychiatry/Psychology, (iii) Radiology/Sonography, (iv) from the field of Medicine with the inclusion of tests involving foetus also Mental Health Care Act, 2017.11- Constitution and establishment as expeditiously as possible Medical Boards under the provisions of MTP Act, 1971, in each District to fasten examination and effective action involving such cases.12- District Level Committees to ensure that there are sufficient approved places in terms of Section 4(b) of the MTP Act, 1971 in each district of the State of Odisha. Chief District Medical Officers involved undertake periodic instruction of such approved places following rule 6 of the MTP Rules, 2003 and take immediate measure to remove difficulties if any. State in its appropriate Departments will have the obligation to co-operate in such matters.13- If a woman reports with a pregnancy resulting from an assault, she is to be given the report of undergoing an abortion and protocols for the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act are to be followed. Further with preservation of products of conception (POC) be sent to proper custody as evidence and other required purposes under the direction of the Court of competent authority including DNA Test, if any.14- There should also be a strict following of User Handbook on Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012.Click Here To Download Order[Read Order] Next Story
Home » COVID-19 support » Facing redundancy? Bruce brothers’ charity says it can help agents bounce back previous nextCOVID-19 newsFacing redundancy? Bruce brothers’ charity says it can help agents bounce backAgents Together has launched a five-week programme of face-to-face and online help for agents who are, or may be, losing their jobs.Nigel Lewis16th October 20200763 Views The Bruce brothers’ industry charity is launching a five-week programme to help agents facing redundancy ‘bounce back’.Agents Together has made the announcement following news that, although the housing market continues to boom, the economic clouds are darkening.This week official figures showed that the job market overall saw 227,000 job losses during August and September, pushing up the unemployment rate to 4.5%, the highest for three years.“We know that times are tough for many right now, and we know that although the estate agency industry has been relatively protected up until now, there are individuals concerned about what the future holds,” says CEO Sarah Edmundson (left).“Our redundancy series will provide skills and guidance on how to navigate redundancy and job hunting, giving people the confidence to success on their path.”Agents Together has assembled 12 industry recruitment and consultancy figures to help with the programme including Josh Rayner, Nicola Broomham, Andrew Deverell-Smith, Ian White, Jennifer Scott-Reid, Christ Watkin, Mike Day and Jacqueline Webb.Also, Stuart Perkins, Head of People at the Bruce brothers’ other project, Boomin, has also been roped in.The programme kicks off today with a blog, video, social media activity and personalised mentoring including tips on resilience and bouncing back by Day and Rayner.Webinars are also been held which can be watched on the following days: 21st October 1pm – How to make your CV and LinkedIn profile stand out from the crowd.https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_49aB5JDJQoeS2aEJ1ntHLw28th October 1pm – How to prepare for and win your interview.https://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_VTnu4GDMSEiBaeQJF591uA4th November 1pm – Expert Panelhttps://zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_GLravFNGTHWxzo3uHrvjsgSign up for alerts about the series. http://eepurl.com/hdveIvNicola Broomham Ian White Jennifer Scott-Reid Agents Together Sarah Edmundson Josh Rayner Michael Bruce Mike Day Andrew Deverell Smith Chris Watkin October 16, 2020Nigel LewisAny comments? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021
In an email to students, Balliol College confirmed that “the University has removed the usual student “residency requirement” for the whole of the Term”. This means that students will not need to apply for residency dispensation if they do not wish to return to Oxford later in the term, even if the national lockdown is lifted to allow students to return. In a Q and A with University staff in mid-November, Pro-Vice-Chancellor Martin Williams explained the University’s previous decision to maintain residency requirements: “Our feeling is that there is a lot more to being an Oxford student than just the face-to-face teaching”, including “access to labs, access to libraries, access to each other, to the opportunity to work in a scholarly environment”. Balliol’s email continued that “the University will be sending out messages to students later today on the latest position”. No information has currently been provided regarding plans for residency requirements – or lack thereof – in Trinity term. This article contains breaking news and may be updated as more information becomes available. The Oxford University Student Union has responded to the announcement of a national lockdown, promising to advocate for students who may be disadvantaged by the new restrictions. While they were unable to guarantee measures which would be taken, they emphasised that meetings would be held in coming days to ensure students would not be negatively impacted. Beyond residency, the provision of facilities like libraries have also prompted confusion. Centrally, only 4 selected hub libraries – the Old Bodleian, Social Science Library, Sackler Library and Vere Harmsworth Library – are open for study before the start of Hilary. In a tweet, the Bodleian Libraries confirmed that, despite lockdown regulations, these libraries would remain open: “Following the government’s announcement regarding lockdown, we can confirm that our services remain the same as yesterday”. However, the Radcliffe Camera and Gladstone Link were closed today. An email to History students claimed that a “shortage of staff” was the cause. The email continued: “Click & Collect will continue to be offered in libraries as in MT. In Humanities, this includes EFL, MFL, PTFL, Sackler, Taylor Inst. Library, VHL” and that “loans will not be due back until 29 January (likely be reviewed in due course)”. “We believe that the University must recognise the academic challenges by reassessing workloads and assessment practices. Whilst it may take some time for the University to finalise any changes to course assessment, it is paramount that the University acts as soon as possible to outline their planned steps and changes to assessment where possible. We will continue to lobby the University including at a divisional and departmental level on these issues over the coming days and will be updating students on progress next week. “We will be providing a further update as soon as we can with information around our next steps for lobbying and resources for you. We will also be holding a briefing session for Common Room Presidents and Campaign chairs tomorrow at 5pm. This a fast-moving situation, we remain committed to actively lobbying and working closely with the collegiate University to ensure students are supported.” “Following the government announcement on 4th January 2021 of a national lockdown, we understand the difficulty that all students are facing regarding many aspects of their University experience in the coming months. “We share your valid anger, frustration, and disappointment with this government which continues to fail to put students at the fore of its decision making. We stand in support and solidarity with students who are facing widespread uncertainty. “Oxford SU is the recognised voice of students at the University of Oxford and we want to reassure all members that we are continually lobbying and representing you on the issues that matter. We are here to support you in any way we can. Previously, many colleges urged students not to return – even if they had been previously allowed to by college staff – until the University had worked through the legislation. At St Hugh’s, “any students who were considering travelling to College based on one of the criteria listed below” were asked “to not travel to College at this time until we have had further clarification from the University”. Meanwhile, St Hilda’s students were told “you should NOT make plans to return to college, even if you had previously booked a date to return this coming weekend” and that changes to government guidance may cause the dining hall to be shut. “We continue to lobby to ensure students unable to return to Oxford in Hilary Term 2021 are not be financially penalised [sic]. Students should not have to pay for accommodation that they are unable to live in. This should include reimbursing graduate students on long-term tenancies for the time period during which they are unable to use their rooms. “We know the current situation is incredibly difficult and that much of the academic year remains uncertain. We are working hard with the University and Colleges to clarify information surrounding accommodation, academic expectations and welfare provisions. No specific guidance appears to have been released regarding college libraries. In an email to students, Lady Margaret Hall claimed that “ideally, we would like to keep the library in operation both physically and virtually” but that they were reliant upon University guidance. At Pembroke, students were told that if they were already present in College, they could be given “access to the library in limited numbers for the time being”. An email from Magdalen claimed that “the College Libraries remain open” but urged students to check before going to other libraries. It is currently unclear whether college libraries will be allowed to remain open under the national lockdown or University guidance.
81 of Chadwick Beach Island went to be with the Lord, with her family by her side on December 21, 2017 after a long illness. Joan was born and raised in Bayonne where she was a graduate of St. Mary’s Grammar School and Bayonne High School. Joan worked for PSE&G, and in 1960 married the love of her life, Stanley and started her family, residing in Bayonne most of her life. Joan was predeceased by her husband of 36 years Stanley J. Dygon in 1996 and her parents Joseph and Mary (Kurtz) O’Brien. She is survived by her three daughters and a son-in-law, Katherine Dygon, Patricia Bentivegna and Maryanne Clark and her husband John. Joan is also survived by her five grandchildren Jennifer, Joseph, John Patrick, Connor and Ryan. She is also survived by her best friend Margaret Gunsiorowski, brother Daniel O’Brien (late wife Janet) and several nieces and nephews. Joan also enjoyed special time with her fur grandbabies Toby and Molly. Funeral arrangements by ORENDER FAMILY HOME FOR FUNERALS, 2643 Old Bridge Rd., Manasquan, NJ.
Consumers are losing the taste for premium soft drinks, such as smoothies and juice products, as shoppers sacrifice their five-a-day in favour of cost-conscious soft drinks like cola.Smoothies, which were among the biggest soft drink category losers, dropping 17% by value, took the biggest brunt of consumer cutbacks, according to Britvic’s annual soft drinks report, compiled by Nielsen. Instead, consumers turned to diet and no-added-sugar drinks and shifted away from stills towards the previously declining carbo-nate drinks category, as people favoured less indulgent products.Glucose and stimulant drinks bucked the trend of falling premium drinks sales, showing strong growth, as drinks with functional benefits continued to find favour. “The more premium products are seeing an erosion of their position,” Britvic CEO Paul Moody told British Baker. “I suspect that where people were drinking three smoothies a week, now they’re drinking one.”Increasingly in on-the-go, we’re seeing more meal deals and more product links, which is all about offering the consumer more value. The consumer is definitely more conscious about what price they are willing to pay.”But high street impulse purchases were less exposed to price competition than large grocery stores, said Britvic’s customer management director Andrew Richards. He said: “The economic downturn will have an effect on the way we shop. But consumers will spend more for a chilled drink on-the-go.”Market research from Britvic suggested that environment and ethical considerations were still relevant to shoppers, but not at any price, as illustrated by a fall in organic sales.
We’re seeking your views on our proposal to make it mandatory for flour millers to add folic acid to flour (a process known as ‘fortification’).Mandatory fortification of flour with folic acid should help raise people’s levels of a vitamin called ‘folate’.Raising folate levels in women who could become pregnant would help reduce the number of babies born with birth defects of the brain, spine or spinal cord, known as ‘neural tube defects’.We want to introduce this change across the UK.
Allied Bakeries took home the Grocery Product Launch of the Year 2014 award at the Retail Industry Awards for its Great White Loaf. After what the company has called the “most successful launch in food FMCG this year”, the loaf received 29% of votes for the title.The loaf, which has 7g of fibre per 100g, compared with Kingsmill Tasty Wholemeal bread, which has 6.2g of fibre per 100g, will reappear on TV screens this month, following a £6.7m two-year marketing investment into the Kingsmill Great White campaign.Martin Garlick, category director, Allied Bakeries, said: “The launch of Kingsmill Great White has attracted new consumers to the sector and helped to stem the decline in white bread sales.“This latest award shows Allied Bakeries understands consumer needs and category challenges across the bakery sector. Being back on TV in October will be a great way to continue to drive awareness of Kingsmill Great White.”Kingsmill Great White had the highest weekly unit sales, highest penetration and highest percentage repeat rate in 2014 so far, compared to Walkers Pops, Cadbury Crème Egg Biscuits, Weight Watchers 0% Fat Greek Style Yoghurt, Weetabix on the go, Robinsons Squash’d, Cadbury Marvellous Mix Ups and Nestlé Toffee Crisp Cereal [Nielsen Scantrack we23.08.14.]Kingsmill later launched the Great White Roll in July.
Tedeschi Trucks Band launched their Summer Wheels of Soul Tour on Friday night in Jacksonville, Florida at Daily’s Place, a state-of-the-art amphitheater adjacent to the home of the Jacksonville Jaguars. The band also played the new venue’s inaugural show just over a year ago, the same day the world lost Gregg Allman. A year later, Derek Trucks and Susan Tedeschi, the magnetic husband-wife duo who lead the electrifying 12-piece ensemble, chose their hometown for the beginning of this tour. Supported by opening acts Drive-By Truckers and The Marcus King Band, the packed house was indeed treated to a momentous evening of music.The Marcus King Band opened the show at 7:00pm and played one searing selection after another for the jam-band crowd. The five-song set included “Virginia,” “Self-Hatred” (featuring a “Fire on the Mountain” jam), “Man You Didn’t Know”, and “Plant Your Corn Early” from the band’s 2016 self-titled album (produced by Warren Haynes) as well as a new cut, “Goodbye Carolina.” Supported by band members Jack Ryan (drums),Stephen Campbell (bass), Justin Johnson (trumpet/trombone/backing vocals), Dean Mitchell(saxophones) and Deshawn Alexander (organ/keyboards), King’s gritty, soul-infused vocals and scorching guitar licks enthralled the rapt audience for a 30-minute set that was over in the blink of an eye.Taking the stage at 7:50pm, Southern/country rockers, Drive-By Truckers, offered their unique, high-energy, guitar-driven grooves and were the perfect complement to the bands before and after. Founded by Patterson Hood (guitarist/lead vocals, son of David Hood, Muscle Shoals Rhythm Section/“The Swampers” bassist) and Mike Cooley (guitarist/banjo/lead vocals), the band also includes Brad Morgan (drums), Jay Gonzalez (keys/guitar/accordion/backing vocals) and Matt Patton(bass/backing vocals). Plowing through their catalog with cuts such as “Baggage,” “3 Dimes Down,” “Ronnie and Neil” and “Let There Be Rock,” the one-hour set offered a healthy mix of their material and the concertgoers heartily approved.At 9:20pm, headliners Tedeschi Trucks Band kicked off their 100-minute set and thrilled their devotees from the very first note. The stellar backing band includes Kofi Burbridge (keys/flute), Tyler Greenwelland J.J. Johnson (drums/percussion), Tim Lefebvre (bass), Mike Mattison, Mark Rivers and Alecia Chakour (harmony vocals), Kebbi Williams (saxophone), Elizabeth Lea (trombone) and Ephraim Owens (trumpet). Fresh and energetic after a brief tour respite, the monster ensemble sounded better than ever. Trucks was in high spirits, smiling and laughing for the hometown fans. Song selection was heavily focused on the band’s two most recent albums, including the opener, “Laugh About It,” “Right On Time” (with Mike Mattison on lead vocals) and “Don’t Know What It Means” (featuring a fabulous solo from Tedeschi and a frenetic jam at the end including a Kebbi Willams sax solo) off Let Me Get By(2016). Also in the mix were “Part Of Me,” “Tell The Truth” and “The Storm” from Made Up Mind (2013), with a killer Trucks guitar solo during which Tedeschi sat down on a riser and enjoyed her husband’s performance. The band then segued into a portion of Allman Brothers Band favorite, “Whipping Post,” a real evening highlight. Digging deep into the well, the collective offered up the Derek Trucks Band/Bob Dylan cover, “Down In The Flood” (Already Free, 2009) as well as the Dylan cover, “Don’t Think Twice It’s Alright” (The Freewheelin’ Bob Dylan, 1963). Peppered within was a new track called “Shame” from a forthcoming release as well as the B.B. King cover, “How Blue Can You Get.” Exiting for a few minutes at 10:35pm, the band reemerged at 10:40pm for a two-song encore consisting of fan favorite, “Midnight In Harlem (a Mattison/Trucks original from Revelator, 2011) and finally, the Joe Tex cover, “Show Me,” featuring Mark Rivers on vocals. Ever conscious of the adoring fan base, Tedeschi made a point of acknowledging them. “You guys sound great out there! Thank you so much!”While many were hoping for a special guest appearance from Marcus King during the TTB set, it never did materialize. As the newly initiated tour continues, however, it certainly could still happen.The Tedeschi Trucks Band tour with Drive-By Truckers and The Marcus King Band continues through July 29, wrapping up at Red Rocks Amphitheatre in Colorado. For a full list of upcoming dates, head here.Below, you can check out a full gallery of photos from all three bands’ Wheels of Soul Tour performances in Jacksonville courtesy of Michael Yanko.Tedeschi Trucks Band, Marcus King Band, Drive-By Truckers | Daily’s Place Amphitheater | Jacksonville, FL | 6/29/18 Load remaining images
Young read selections from a sonnet cycle, “De La Soul Is Dead” (the title taken from a 1991 album by the rap group De La Soul), which riffs on and reminisces about his youth. In hindsight, he wrote that it was a carefree time (“No one was dead yet,” he says in one poem), in which hip-hop’s golden age, 1988‒1992, synched up perfectly with his time at Harvard.In a segment of “I Doubt It,” he compares that bygone era to the world his young son lives in, one that doesn’t afford him such luxuries.Though we boys were fullof confidence. Sleeping bagsa war zone where nobody died.or got sent home – where we’d play-fight& camp out & need no lightto keep us companytill dawn. This is howwe learnt about tomorrow – When will I wanderover & tug you backwhere you also belongby the hand, somewhatawake, sleepingbag under your arm empty as a chrysalis.,As a student, Young won the Thomas T. Hoopes Prize for his College thesis and studied under Harvard faculty Lucie Brock-Broido and Nobel Prize-winner Seamus Heaney. In 2003, he was named a Guggenheim Fellow and he is now poetry editor at The New Yorker. He also teaches creative writing at Emory University and is the director of the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture in New York City.Nominated by current PBK students, four faculty members received prizes for their teaching excellence: historian Ann Blair, the Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor; mathematics professor Noam Elkies; anthropologist Nicholas Harkness, the John L. Loeb Associate Professor of the Social Sciences; and Katherine Merseth, a senior lecturer at the Graduate School of Education.Seven members of the College Class of 1968 received honorary membership into the Harvard PBK chapter, along with Young and Shubin. Reflecting on Charles Hamilton Houston, the Harvard Law grad who systematically questioned ‘separate but equal’ in the courts The Civil Rights lawyer who paved the path Related Award-winning writer Kevin Young ’92 developed many of the poems that became his dazzling 1993 debut, “Most Way Home,” while he was still a Harvard College student, so perhaps it was fitting — and even poetic — that he returned “home” to where it all started.Though there weren’t any odes involving gumbo, aunties, or the Wu-Tang Clan, Young’s deep affinity for music, especially hip-hop (“It changed my life”), and the power of African-American culture and history shone through as Young read selections from his latest poetry collection, “Brown” (Knopf, 2018), as the featured poet of the 228th Phi Beta Kappa (PBK) Literary Exercises, held Tuesday morning at Sanders Theatre. The annual celebration marked the kickoff of Harvard’s Commencement week festivities.Paleontologist Neil Shubin, Ph.D. ’87, the Bensley Professor of Organismal Biology and Anatomy at the University of Chicago, gave the traditional PBK oration, titled “Learning to See.” He spoke about how frustrated he was initially as a graduate student at Harvard when he would go on expeditions with the field’s leading experts to find fossils, but all he could see were piles of rocks. Eventually, he said, he learned what to look for, what to ignore, and then, seemingly in an instant, everywhere he looked he saw fossils.Shubin told the students the “big lesson of science” that rarely gets talked about involves humility in the face of the unknown and in the face of our own blindness: “Humility that there’s always a better idea, a new approach, or a different perspective to be had … humility that our own very human limitations may inhibit us [and] humility to face, and most importantly to recognize, what we don’t know about the universe, what we don’t know about other living things, and importantly what we don’t know about each other.”,Founded in 1776, Phi Beta Kappa is a national honors society that recognizes the outstanding academic achievement of college undergraduates. Honorees are the “best of the best.” They must not only maintain excellent grades, but do so across a breadth of study and pursue the most rigorous courses available. Harvard’s chapter, Alpha Iota of Massachusetts, held its first meeting in 1781. The participating 48 members of the Class of 2018 were formally inducted into the society during a ceremony held last fall.Young’s book “Brown” refers not to the color, nor to the armed abolitionist John Brown, nor even to the “Godfather of Soul,” James Brown — though all are present — but to the woman who played piano on Sundays in Young’s hometown church back in Topeka, Kan. That was Linda Brown, better known as the plaintiff in the landmark Supreme Court decision against school segregation, Brown v. Board of Education.
Planets that are even a little like Earth are hard to find. That’s why when astronomers like Jennifer G. Winters come across a body that may be solid, rocky, and possibly have its own atmosphere, they get excited. And especially so in a case like this: For although it is statistically unlikely to host life, finding one with three suns raises the likelihood that studying the planet may offer valuable insights into our own.LTT1445Ab, as this new celestial object is called, is a transiting planet. As Winters, a postdoctoral research associate at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics explained, that means that during its five-and-a half-day orbit around its main star, LTT1445Ab will pass in front of that star. This would allow observers on Earth to see the planet backlit, and may make it possible for them to discern whether LTT1445Ab (which is roughly 1.38 times the size of Earth and approximately 22.5 light-years away) has an atmosphere.“We can stare at it using a spectrograph,” said Winters, lead author on “Three Red Suns in the Sky: A Transiting, Terrestrial Planet in a Triple M Dwarf System at 6.9 Parsecs,” published in the Astronomical Journal. “It’s one of the best examples of a rocky planet that might have an atmosphere that we can study to see what it’s made of.”High on Winters’ list of questions: Is there going to be a molecular oxygen in the atmosphere? Even if it does have oxygen in its atmosphere, Winters was quick to note that her team does not expect to find life. “It’s not in the habitable zone of its star,” she said. “It’s too close. It’s too hot. But if it’s possible that there’s oxygen in the atmosphere that could come from other sources than life, that’s good to know.”For the next few months, before the planet is hidden from our view behind the sun, Winters and her collaborators will gather data and monitor it. Using data from the Giant Magellan Telescope in Chile, as well as NASA’s Hubble and Spitzer space telescopes, the team will try to measure the planet’s mass and determine whether it is indeed a rocky, as opposed to gaseous, planet. The mass of the new find matters, she explained, because it correlates with how thick any atmosphere is expected to be. And if there is none — if, perhaps, one has been burned off by radiation — scientists will see whether one is sprouting, perhaps replenished by gases emitted by the crust.“This is a great example for being able to study an atmosphere,” said Winters. “There’s only one other system that’s closer, and it has two planets, but the star is a lot brighter,” which makes any potential atmosphere difficult to see, she said. LTT1445Ab’s main star is approximately 25 percent the size of the sun, and its companion stars are smaller still.The name LTT1445Ab comes from its listing in the Dutch American astronomer Willem Jacob Luyten’s eponymous catalog measuring star movement. The star’s location was discovered by NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, which scans the sky for just such candidates, notifying member scientists worldwide about stars that periodically dim — a possible sign of an orbiting planet. Winters’ team claimed this one to study, verifying that there was indeed a planet in the little system. That grouping, with its three stars, intrigues her for other reasons as well. “It’s pretty rare for there to be three M dwarfs in a triple system,” Winters said, using the classification for the smallest and coolest type of star. In this case, while the planet appears to be orbiting the main star, the other two seem to be in some kind of dance, drawing closer to and then backing away from each other. These two then interact with the largest star on what seems to be a level plane — like marbles on a turntable. How exactly these three move around each other and what forces are at work are more puzzles the astronomers hope to solve.In a way, the presence of a planet among these three miniature stars might prove more thrilling a discovery for Winters than LTT1445Ab alone. Since graduate school, she explained, M dwarfs have been her main area of interest.“They make up 75 percent of all stars, so they’re the most populous type of star,” she said. This cluster, she added, “will help us learn more about star formation and planet formation.” Image of ‘last photon orbit’ opens new doors to research on the cosmos ‘Seeing the unseeable’ Event Horizon Telescope researchers reveal first-ever image of a black hole Related Black hole project nets Breakthrough Prize The Daily Gazette Sign up for daily emails to get the latest Harvard news. Twins in space Researcher sketches findings of NASA study of how zero gravity affects the body