To reproduce realistic characteristics of ice sheets (i.e., velocities, thicknesses and extensions of Greenland and Antarctica), large scale ice sheets models have to empirically correct the rheological law of ice derived from laboratory measurements on isotropic samples. The modication usually consists in introducing an ad hoc enhancement factor in the Glen’s flow law. For grounded ice, most authors found that an enhancement factor ranging between 3 and 5 gives adequate results and is further justified by the strong anisotropic behavior of polycristalline ice in simple shear. In other words this means that grounded ice in the model must be 3 to 5 times softer than predicted by the Glen’s flow law. However, to simulate the entire Antarctic ice-sheet, ice-shelves must also be considered and in that case the enhancement factor must be smaller than one to prevent unrealistic high velocities. Although these two different behaviors (soft grounded ice / stiff ice-shelf ice) are empirically taken into account in ice-sheet models, no founded proof has never been proposed to explain this rheological difference between ice-sheet and ice-shelf. Here, using an anisotropic ice flow model, we show that the two different values of the enhancement factor needed for grounded and floating ice can be quantitatively explained by the anisotropic behavior of polar ice and the difference of stress regime between the grounded and floating parts.
Are bakery companies alone being targeted in a bid to reduce salt in foods?This was the question asked by Pat Smyth, of the Yeast Products Com- pany, at ’A Bakers Dozen’ workshop, organised by Relay*, in Dublin on 8 March. “This is damaging the perception of bread as a product,” he said. “Based on current fermentation technologies and taste requirements, we bakers find it very difficult to reduce salt any further.”Dr Wayne Anderson, chief specialist food science, of the Food Safety Authority of Ireland (FSAI), responded by saying that all sorts of foods, not just bakery, are being targeted to reduce salt consumption from 10g to 6g per day by 2010. His paper, at the Relay event, covered the FSAI’s work on the voluntary reduction of salt. He admitted that much had already been achieved by the baking industry and research is urgently required into salt reduc-tion and its effects on the baking process and flavour.A new round of discussions is to take place with the Irish Bread Bakers Association (IBBA) and with individual companies, some of which are prepared to go further in salt reduction than the IBBA, he told British Baker.Fibre boostSpeaker Dr Sarah Burke, University College Cork (UCC) said that, as bread is consumed so regularly and by so many, it is the ideal food to help increase fibre intake. She added that wholemeal bread could substitute white, that more wholemeal bread could be eaten at lunch and more bread at weekends.Seventy-seven per cent of Irish adults and 61% of children do not meet the recommended intake of fibre and this could be met by adding fibre to bakery products. A survey on food consumption by the Irish Universities Nutrition Alliance showed that consumption of wholemeal bread is particularly low among children – around 40% consume wholemeal as compared to 98% who eat white – and a higher intake of fibre needs to be promoted. The survey noted that wholemeal bread is consumed at breakfast but white is more popular at lunch, and consumption of all types of bread is reduced at weekends. Bakers at the event suggested that fibre can be added to white bread, thus making it easier to persuade children to eat wholemeal.Twenty per cent of bakery production is being lost due to mould spoilage, according to UCC research, which shows that the use of specific sourdoughs can reduce spoilage but, combined with calcium propionate, can increase the shelf life of wheat bread considerably more. New lab-on-a-chip and bioanalyzer technology identifies quickly the proteins in wheat grains and in particular the glutens. This in turn will lead to swift identification of the baking potential of specific wheat varieties from particular geographical locations.Transglutaminase, a naturally occurring enzyme, can promote a protein network formation in gluten-free flours, one research project has shown.substitute for glutenNew research has been approved to look into the use of a functional casein-based ingredient to substitute gluten in bread. A freeze-dried ingredient could be produced for incorporation into the dough-making process. The demand for gluten-free products will continue to increase and UCC and the Ashtown Food Research Centre, Dublin, which hosted the conference, are working together and are among the most prolific researchers in the world into this area.Other research projects under way include low glycaemic index (GI) breads. The GI diet, where food is slowly digested, controlling satiety and maintaining healthy blood sugar levels, has proven popular. High GI, on the other hand, is claimed to contribute to type-two diabetes, forms of cancer, increased risk of cardiovascular disease and obesity. At the moment, the starch in most bread is more on the high-GI side so research into slowly digestible, fibre-rich starch and functional ingredients with a low GI is taking place. n* Relay, a one-stop-shop for food research information, is funded by various government, public and EU bodies
Democratic presidential candidates proposing “free” college and pay increases for teachers will find substantial backing for these policies among voters; school vouchers and tax credits to fund scholarships to private schools are also popular, according to the 13th annual Education Next poll of American public opinion on education policy.Support for raising teacher pay is higher now than at any point during the past decade, the Education Next poll finds. On school choice, Democrats are divided along racial and ethnic lines, with African Americans and Hispanics more likely to support charter schools and school vouchers. Tax-credit scholarships, along the lines proposed this year by the Trump administration, command bipartisan support.Authors of the report include Harvard Professor Paul E. Peterson (from top); Graduate School of Education Professor Martin R. West; and postdoctoral fellow David Houston. Photos by Martha Stewart (top); Matt Weber (center) Read Full Story This year’s Education Next survey of more than 3,000 adults includes a nationally representative sample of adults and representative oversamples of teachers, African Americans, and Hispanics. Interactive graphics provide both 2019 findings and trends going back as far as 2007 on some questions. See the 2019 interactive here. The trends interactive graphic is available here.Here is a sampling of the findings, with the complete report available online.Charter schools regain public support. Public support for charter schools has climbed back to 48 percent (39 percent opposed) from a low of 39 percent in 2017. These public schools of choice foster stronger opinions than in years past, as fewer respondents take a neutral position this year than in any year since we began asking this question in 2013. Sixty-one percent of Republicans support charters with 27 percent opposed, while only 40 percent of Democrats do (48 percent opposed).School choice divides the Democratic Party along racial and ethnic lines. African American Democrats support targeted school vouchers, universal vouchers, and charter schools at 70 percent, 64 percent, and 55 percent, respectively. Among Hispanic Democrats, support for the three policies is at 67 percent, 60 percent, and 47 percent. On the other hand, just 40 percent of non-Hispanic White Democrats support targeted vouchers, 46 percent support universal vouchers, and 33 percent support charter schools.Support for increasing teacher pay is higher now than at any point since 2008. Following last year’s 13-percentage-point surge in support for raising teacher pay, public support climbed another 7 percentage-points in 2019, to 56 percent. Support jumped among members of both political parties, to 64 percent this year from 59 percent in 2018 among Democrats, and to 43 percent from 38 percent among Republicans.Support for increasing per-pupil spending also matches all-time high. Among those not told current per-pupil spending levels in their local district, 62 percent think spending should increase, 8 percentage points higher than in 2017. Fifty percent of those told current spending levels favor an increase, up 11 percentage points since 2017.Free college is popular among most groups. Sixty percent of Americans support making public four-year colleges and 69 percent support making public two-year colleges free to attend. Democrats are especially supportive of free college (79 percent, 85 percent). Republicans, on the other hand, tend to oppose free-tuition for four-year colleges (35 percent support, 55 percent oppose) and are divided over free-tuition for two-year colleges (47 percent support, 47 percent oppose).The poll also assesses public opinion on teachers unions and the right to strike, teacher tenure, annual testing, merit pay, in-state tuition for undocumented immigrants, and more.The 2019 Education Next Poll is available now at educationnext.org.
A new NIH-funded center, which will bring together cancer immunologists and biological engineers to develop new approaches for therapy-resistant cancers, was announced today.Harvard University’s Wyss Institute of Biologically Inspired Engineering and its collaborating institutions, the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS), Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (Dana-Farber), and Harvard’s Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, announced the formation of the Immuno-Engineering to Improve Immunotherapy (i3) Center. The cross-institutional and cross-disciplinary i3 Center includes world-leading researchers in the cancer immunology and bioengineering fields and will create biomaterials-based approaches to enable anti-cancer immuno-therapy in settings where it currently is limited, such as in myeloid malignancies and solid tumors.The Harvard i3 Center is part of NIH’s Cancer Moonshot initiative that was formed to accelerate cancer research to make more therapies available to more patients, while also improving the ability to prevent cancer and detect it at an early stage.“We aim to develop new technologies that induce robust anti-cancer T cell immunity, and we also hope that the i3 Center’s highly cross-disciplinary and cross-fertilizing mechanisms will provide a center of gravity for many future efforts in the immuno-therapy space across and beyond our collaborating institutions,” said Wyss Institute Founding Core Faculty member David Mooney, one of the two principal investigators (PIs) of the i3 Center.Mooney also is the Robert P. Pinkas Family Professor of Bioengineering at SEAS and leads the Wyss Institute’s broader Immuno-Materials Initiative. His team has developed a number of strategies that use immune-modulating biomaterials to trigger and enhance T cell-mediated immune responses against tumors. Most notably, together with clinical collaborators, they succeeded in creating the first implantable vaccine ever to eliminate melanoma tumors in mice, which the Wyss Institute and Dana-Farber are investigating in an ongoing Phase I clinical trial at the Dana-Farber.,Steven Hodi Jr., the i3 Center’s other PI, and director of Melanoma Center and the Center for Immuno-Oncology at Dana-Farber, and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School (HMS), is leading the clinical cancer vaccine trial. He has been at the forefront of developing cancer immunotherapies using “immune checkpoint inhibitors,” a class of drugs able to re-activate tumor-destroying T cells that are muted in the tumor microenvironment. “The funding for this center provides a unique opportunity to unite key investigators for translating fundamental advancements in immunology and biomedical engineering into highly synergistic approaches to improve the treatments for cancer patients,” said HodUsing both in vivo and ex vivo biomaterials-based approaches, the i3 Center aims to boost tumor-specific activities of cytotoxic T cells, by boosting different stages of the normal process by which T cells develop, and acquire anti-cancer activity. T cells’ normal development starts in the bone marrow where hematopoietic stem cells generate T cell progenitor cells. These migrate to the thymus to differentiate into naïve T cells, which then travel further to lymph nodes. There, they encounter cancer-derived antigens presented to them by specialized antigen-presenting cells (APCs) that can activate T cells to recognize and eliminate cancer cells.In relation to “adoptive T cell” therapies in which T cells are given to patients to fight their cancers, one team at the i3 Center will be led by Dana-Farber researchers Catherine J. Wu and Jerome Ritz, who along with Mooney, will develop and test biomaterials that can better mimic normal APCs in activating and directing the function of patient-derived T cells outside the human body, prior to their transplantation. Wu is chief of the Division of Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapies, and Ritz is executive director of the Connell and O’Reilly Families Cell Manipulation Core Facility at Dana-Farber.“We need to make efforts to enhance the ability of the immune system to recognize tumor cells. One direction my laboratory is taking makes use of innovative biomaterials to help us to efficiently expand polyclonal tumor-specific functionally-effective T cells ex vivo in a way that can be readily translated to the clinical setting. In our studies, we are currently focusing on melanoma and acute myeloid leukemia,” said Wu, whose research interests include understanding the basis of effective human anti-tumor responses, including the identification and targeting of the tumor-specific antigens.A second project explores the use of DNA origami, biocompatible nanostructures composed of DNA, to create cancer vaccines. DNA origami could provide significant advantages in presenting tumor-specific antigens and immune-enhancing adjuvants to APCs because the concentrations, ratios, and geometries of all components can be modulated with nano-scale precision to determine configurations that are more effective than other vaccination strategies. The project will be run by Wyss Institute Core Faculty member William Shih, Derin Keskin, lead immunologist at Dana-Farber’s Translational Immunogenomics Lab, and Mooney.In a third project, David Scadden, professor at Harvard’s Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology, will collaborate with Mooney to build on their previous work. They will engineer biomaterials that recreate key features of the normal hematopoietic stem cell niche in the bone marrow. Such implantable biomaterials could help rapidly amplify T cell progenitor cells, and enhance T cell-mediated anti-cancer immunity. Scadden also is the Gerald and Darlene Jordan Professor of Medicine at Harvard University, and co-director of the Harvard Stem Cell Institute.The i3 Center’s investigators anticipate that it will stimulate additional cross-disciplinary concepts and research, due to the culture of continuous interactions, sharing of findings, data and samples between all investigators, as well strong biostatistical expertise provided by Donna Neuberg, a senior biostatistician broadly involved with exploring immune-modulating cancer interventions at the Dana-Farber.“This new i3 Center for cancer immunotherapy innovation really embodies how the Wyss Institute with its unparalleled capabilities in bioengineering and serving as a site for multidisciplinary collaboration, and can liaise with clinicians and researchers at our collaborating institutions to confront major medical problems and bring about transformative change,” said Wyss Founding Director Donald Ingber. He is also the Judah Folkman Professor of Vascular Biology at HMS and the Vascular Biology Program at Boston Children’s Hospital, and Professor of Bioengineering at SEAS.
I’m fascinated by the ability of design to solve problems. At its core, the circular economy is a revolution in both intention and design. It’s s an industrial system that is restorative or regenerative and it aims to ‘design out’ waste. Waste simply does not exist—products are engineered and optimized for an extended initial lifespan before entering the cycle of disassembly and reuse. I was fortunate to get to talk about just this at a recent virtual panel put on by GreenBiz at their Circularity 20 Conference. I was joined by representatives from the apparel and DIY industries to explore the sustainability impact of product design that emphasizes repairability and resilience.Unfortunately, designing for extended life and repairability has not always been at the forefront of product concepting, for several reasons. It’s often more expensive and can take more time upfront in the design process. It’s also not compatible with a business model of planned obsolescence — which has contributed heavily to today’s throwaway culture that prefers replacing over repairing. However, designing for product durability and an ability to be easily repaired is a key component of the circular economy because it keeps a product out of any potential waste loop for as long as possible.“The design mind needs to focus not on generating difference and change seasonally but rather generating the opportunity for the redeployment of a first-generation object to new second-generation material.” — Paul Dillinger, VP, Head of Global Product Innovation, Levi Strauss & Co.In addition to the physical structure of a product, however, designing for circularity also includes specifying the right materials. Using recycled or repurposed materials – preferably sourced from a closed loop — is one tactic. But if those resources are made from a composite mix, it creates issues at the end of the new product’s life cycle, because mixed materials can be very difficult to separate for reuse. To be truly sustainable, materials need to be easy to break down for proper repurposing. Again, this can add expense during the initial product’s creation. In some cases, it can also limit consumer choices; for example, the fibers of denim jeans that include spandex for stretch cannot be teased apart.Right now, not very many virgin materials are even getting that chance for a second use. According to McKinsey, six out of every 10 garments purchased are incinerated or buried within the first year after production. When it comes to e-waste, the statistics are equally disheartening. Even though it’s one of the fastest-growing waste streams in the world, less than 20 percent of electronics are responsibly recycled today.“Dell’s designers are the only designers who go to the recyclers every year and take apart their own products.” — Kyle Wiens, CEO, iFixitAt Dell Technologies, we are leading the way in reducing and recycling e-waste. One of our key principles regarding the circular economy is Transformation – changing the way we design and deliver products and services to align with responsible sustainability. Our design standard is simple: no computer should go to waste. This commitment begins with a systems-level view of all of our product lifecycles. Our designs emphasize ease of repair and recyclability from the start — with very successful results. In fact, the Dell Technologies Inspiron laptop received the top score of 10 from iFixit for the way its design supports easy repair and upgrades. Other exciting initiatives we’re working on involve the use of AI and ML to design products with self-healing technologies that can actually reconstitute and repair themselves to avoid downtime.“It is critically important to incorporate circular principles in the design phase. We are always seeking ways to make our products easier to repair and disassemble — and that starts with design.” — John Pflueger, Principal Environmental Strategist, Dell TechnologiesDell also offers PC as a Service (PCaas) by combining hardware, software and lifecycle session in exchange for monthly fees. Consumers who subscribe receive the latest technology every 36 months yet support sustainability. The program’s easy takeback allows us to easily refurbish entire PCs for resale or dissemble them to reclaim components for upcycling or recycling — a process made easier with thoughtful design.That thoughtful design includes looking for ways to make it easy for the materials we use to be recycled. For example, we will take the plastics recovered through our takeback programs and if they cannot be repurposed, we work with our partners to shred, melt and reblend them. We then use this recycled plastic at a 35 percent blend rate to make new parts. Currently, these “closed-loop” plastics feed parts into more than 125 different Dell products.More companies are beginning to adopt circular design initiatives as consumer opinions change with regards to what sacrifices they are willing to make for the sake of environmental responsibility, such as a higher price or a particular style. Also — and this is the key because the bottom line is always a driver — it’s becoming easier and more affordable to support the circular economy as technology improves.That technology improvement includes advances in AI and ML. Some exciting initiatives we’re working on involve the use of AI and ML to design products with self-healing technologies that can actually reconstitute and repair themselves to avoid downtime. And there will come a day, sooner than you might think, where AI will be able to manage a computing “subscription” and identify exactly what you need, based on how you use it. There are many roads to circularity, and at Dell Technologies, we’re exploring as many as possible to achieve our goal of a more sustainable future.
As the fall foliage season shifts into high gear, AAA is working with Vermont’s tourism industry leaders to disseminate information nationwide through its travel offices. The resources will be used by AAA’s travel counselors to help direct motorists and encourage them to travel the Green Mountain State.Tom Williams, Regional Manager of AAA Northern New England, noted, ‘We have a golden opportunity to provide up-to-date, practical information to members across the country. In the great majority of areas hit by the storm, visitors will find roadways with smooth pavement and bright lines. It is our role to make sure that people who are interested in coming to Vermont get the information they need.’ In a communication sent earlier this week to all AAA offices in the United States, AAA states, ‘In late August, the State of Vermont made headlines across the nation as flood waters from Hurricane Irene caused major damage to the states highways and bridges. Within weeks after Irene, Vermont rebuilt at an unprecedented rate. Now 95% of Vermont roads are open, with final touches being made every day.’Vermont Department of Tourism & Marketing (VDTM) Deputy Commissioner Steve Cook works with the Vermont Chamber of Commerce and Ski Vermont on the ‘Foliage Force,’ a team which has been promoting Vermont’s vibrant foliage season in the wake of Irene. Cook noted, ‘The foliage season has begun, and all indications are that it will be as vibrant and beautiful as ever. We are delighted that AAA has taken a proactive role in informing people about Vermont, and our recovery from the storm. This is a testament to AAA’s confidence in our state, and the resilience of our tourism businesses.’The bulletin refers travel counselors to road repair resources provided by VTrans, as well as planning information supplied by VDTM, the Vermont Chamber of Commerce and Ski Vermont. It concludes that AAA Northern New England branch offices in Montpelier, Rutland and Williston are well prepared to help motorists navigate the state of Vermont. Vermont Dept of Travel and Tourism. 9.28.2011
St. Thomas clinic shines light on elder law issues Gary Blankenship Senior Editor For four law students at St. Thomas University, participation in the school’s new elder law clinic is more than an opportunity to learn about elder law issues. It’s a chance to be on the cutting edge of both guardianship and technological parts of that practice area.While criminal and civil legal clinics are fairly common at law schools, the St. Thomas program, begun with this fall’s semester, is one of two in Florida to focus on what its backers say will be a fast-growing area given the state and nation’s aging population.“It’s a wonderful opportunity, given that this is such a growing field in Florida and it’s going to be so important,” said David Hook, one of the law students in the clinic. “Whether the social programs that the elderly rely on in Florida remain, increase, or diminish, the field is going to remain and they’re going to have to deal with the issues one way or the other.”While the clinic may be taking its first baby steps, it has some impressive parentage. St. Thomas Assistant Dean CeeCee Dykas said the clinic, and a new elder law course, came about from a melding of interests between the law school’s new dean, former Attorney General Bob Butterworth, the Bar’s Elder Law Section, 17th Circuit probate Judge Mel Grossman, and others.Dykas noted that when Butterworth was attorney general, “The elder law issues were one of his primary areas of focus, largely because of our population, and they frequently are the victims of crime. What he saw when he transitioned to the dean of the law school was an enormous need of legal services for this population.”That includes, she said, probate, guardianship, involuntary commitment, abuse, and fraud.At the same time, the Elder Law Section, which had begun a scholarship program at the state’s law schools in the 2003-04 year, was looking to expand its involvement with law school, Immediate past Chair Stephanie Schneider said a brainstorming session led to the idea of the clinic, to be run with the help of Judge Grossman.“Judge Grossman and I have collaborated before on other ideas, looking for ways we can improve the quality of service the public is receiving and create a more efficient judiciary,” Schneider said. “We realized there was a growing need for elder law services and wouldn’t it be great if we could encourage law school students to find out if this was the right area for them?”Also drawn in were St. Thomas law Prof. Gordon Butler and Miami practitioner Enrique Zamora, who is the adjunct professor for the elder law course and oversees the clinic.Butler said the timing for the clinic was propitious. Last year, the legislature and Gov. Jeb Bush approved a statewide guardianship commission to study guardianship law and practices and recommend changes. Members include Judge Grossman, Butler, and Zamora.“They’re at the cutting edge of what people are thinking and what direction guardianship should be going,” said Hook, which means the students also have a front row seat to those legal evolutions.Hook and the other clinical students are working now by attending hearings in Judge Grossman’s court and studying the cases there.“To be able to sit in on the hearings in the judge’s chambers and then discuss the hearing afterwards with the judge, that’s invaluable,” Hook said. “It gives you a chance to ask ‘What did you think of this, why didn’t you do this or that,’ and you get his reasoning.“It’s just being able to see the workings of the court from the other side. . . . I’ve only seen it from the attorney’s side. You get to see the other side of the law and what the court is thinking and what the court has to deal with.”Sandra Curless, another student in the clinic, found the guardianship hearings in particular “not as adversarial as say a divorce, but they’re very emotionally charged because you’re talking about human beings and their rights, because if a guardian is appointed, a set of rights is taken away from that person.. . . We want to take the least restrictive measures possible so people retain as much of their freedom as they can.”She has also been impressed with observing Butler, Zamora, and Grossman on the guardianship commission and those involved in the court cases.“The people that I’m involved with are just really interested in making the law something we can live with,” Curless said. “I like being around people like that. That’s been the best part of it.”Curless got involved in the clinic after her wills and trust professor suggested it might be a good fit for her, and she has found it intriguing.“There’s a need to know the particulars of the law, what laws might conflict with each other, how they play out in a hearing, and how that results in a delay in someone getting a personal service they need,” she said. “The law is very complex and they don’t always mesh.”It was natural for Hooks to join. He worked in his mother’s law firm for two and a half years before law school, and she concentrates in elder law issues.“I went to law school with the idea of eventually joining her and her practice,” he said.Dykas, Butler, and Schneider said the hope is to expand the clinic to admit more students after its initial semester, and Schneider said the section is also looking at expanding it to other schools. They will certainly have advocates from the initial participants.“I would tell them it could be one of the best experiences of their lives. I highly recommend it,” Curless said. December 1, 2004 Senior Editor Regular News St. Thomas clinic shines light on elder law issues
– Advertisement – Feeling grateful! Blake Shelton took a moment to gush about his new fiancée, Gwen Stefani, at the 2020 People’s Choice Awards on Sunday, November 15.While accepting the award for best country star, Shelton made sure to thank his fans for their support. The “God’s Country” crooner, 44, then gave a special acknowledgment to his longtime love.- Advertisement – The Voice coaches announced their engagement last month via Instagram. At the time, the twosome shared the same snap of themselves smooching while the “Hollaback Girl” singer flashed her new diamond sparkler.Gwen Stefani and Blake Shelton attend the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards on January 26, 2020 in Los Angeles. Matt Baron/Shutterstock“@blakeshelton yes please! 💍🙏🏻 ,” she captioned her post, while her longtime beau wrote, “Hey @gwenstefani thanks for saving my 2020 … And the rest of my life. I love you. I heard a YES!”A source told Us that Shelton is eager to wed Stefani. “Blake is just ready to be married and wants it to happen very soon,” the insider exclusively revealed. “Don’t be surprised if it happens by the end of the year.”- Advertisement – “Thank you to my new fiancée, Gwen Stefani,” he said. “That’s S-t-e-f-a-n-i, if you need to Google it to figure out who she is. Thanks for the inspiration and I love you guys, thank you.”Blake Shelton, The Country Artist of 2020, accepts the award onstage for the 2020 E! People’s Choice Awards held at the Barker Hangar in Santa Monica, California and broadcast on Sunday, November 15, 2020. Christopher Polk/E! EntertainmentShelton previously raved about Stefani, 51, at the 2019 ceremony while receiving the same honor. “Gwen Stefani, I love the s–t out of you,” he said at the time.Us Weekly broke the news in November 2015 that Shelton and Stefani were officially dating. Their relationship came after the duo announced their respective splits from Miranda Lambert and Gavin Rossdale earlier that year.- Advertisement – Leading up to the proposal, the “Happy Anywhere” collaborators had been negotiating their prenup. “They have been in prenup talks for a few months. The process has been extremely effortless,” a source said, adding that there have been “no hiccups, or outrageous demands” from either side.The No Doubt frontwoman shares sons, Kingston, 14, Zuma, 12, and Apollo, 6, with Rossdale, 55. In the past, Stefani raved about what a “good dad” Shelton is to her three boys.“He’s been helping me out a lot,” she said on Today in 2019. “I literally get to the point where I’m like, ‘You’ve got to get home. Come help!’ It’s hard.”Stefani’s sons with the Bush rocker “look up to Blake in a big way,” a source told Us in August. “He’s earned their respect as a father figure. He’s gone from being their friend to being a serious parental influence.”Listen to Watch With Us to hear more about your favorite shows and for the latest TV news!
Photo: City portal Cibalia.info In tumulus 1, ie an earthen mound about 40 meters in diameter and about 1 meter high, a large burial chamber was found in which they were laid. two-wheeled Roman carts with horses. Vinkovci, as the oldest city in Europe, in the area where people have lived continuously for more than 8300 years, keeps many secrets underground, and the entire area of Vinkovci has been declared a protected archaeological zone since 1982. By the way, it is less known how two Roman emperors, Valens and Valentinian, were born in Vinkovci. The excavated tomb, as Kratofil points out, is estimated to date from the 3rd century AD, which ranks it among the youngest examples of this funeral custom. The complex process of documenting the findings, which has been carried out since the beginning of the research, will bring numerous new insights into the construction of Roman chariots, which will ultimately enable their complete reconstruction and presentation in the permanent exhibition of the Vinkovci City Museum. Photo: Novosti.hr “The custom of burying under mounds or tumuli is a remarkable way of burial ritual during the Roman period in the south of the Pannonian Plain, and is associated with extremely wealthy families who played a prominent role in the administrative, social and economic life of Pannonia. By locating an earthen mound along one of the most important roads of the Roman Empire, which connected the Apennine Peninsula with Pannonia and the Balkans and Asia Minor, the aristocratic family living near Cibala wanted to show all travelers passing by this road their prominent status, but also the wealth that possessed. The most significant discovery is the finding of a Roman chariot with harnessed horses, ie it is the first archaeologically investigated ancient burial with a chariot in Croatia.”, Points out the curator of the Vinkovci Museum Boris Kratofil for Novosti.hr Research at this site began in 2017, and these are the first major discoveries, significant to the extent that we have not had anything similar in Croatia so far. This site has aroused great interest in the profession throughout Croatia, according to many archaeologists from all over the country come to see what is happening in Stari Jankovci. “This is a sensational, unique discovery in the whole of Croatia, because this is the first time in our country that such a complex funeral belief from the time of Antiquity has been archaeologically researched and documented. Now follows a long process of restoration and conservation, but also a complete analysis of what was found. I hope that in a few years we will know a little more about the family whose members were buried in this area decades ago, 1.800 years ago. We are more interested in the horses themselves, ie whether they were bred here or came from other parts of the empire, and what they will tell us more about the importance and wealth of this family. We will achieve this through cooperation with domestic and numerous European institutions”, Said Marko Dizdar, director of the Institute of Archeology. Sensational and unique archaeological discovery in the whole of Croatia. Photo / Source: Novosti.hr Archaeologists from the Vinkovci City Museum and the Institute of Archeology in Zagreb yesterday presented the results of research they are conducting at the site in Stari Jankovci.
To access this article REGISTER NOWWould you like print copies, app and digital replica access too? SUBSCRIBE for as little as £5 per week. Would you like to read more?Register for free to finish this article.Sign up now for the following benefits:Four FREE articles of your choice per monthBreaking news, comment and analysis from industry experts as it happensChoose from our portfolio of email newsletters