Importance of accounting for phylogenetic dependence in multi-species mark–recapture studies

first_imgSpecies in comparative demography studies often have a common phylogenetic or evolutionary ancestry and hence, they cannot fully be treated as independent samples in the statistical analysis. Although the serious implication of ignoring phylogeny has long been recognized, no attempt has been made so far to account for the lack of statistical independence due to phylogeny in multi-species mark–recapture comparative demography studies. In this paper, we propose a Bayesian hierarchical model that explicitly accounts for phylogenetic dependence among species, and to correct for imperfect detection, which is a common phenomenon in free-ranging species. We illustrate the method using individual mark–recapture data collected from 16 seabird species of the order Procellariiformes. Data on body mass and phylogeny of these species are compiled from literature. We investigate the relationship between adult survival and body mass with and without accounting for phylogeny. If we ignore phylogeny, we obtain a positive survival–body mass relationship. However, this relationship is no longer statistically significant once phylogenetic dependence is taken into account, implying that survival may actually depend on an unmeasured variable that is correlated with body mass due to a shared dependence on phylogeny. The proposed model allows the integration of multi-species mark–recapture data and phylogenetic information, and it is therefore a valuable tool in ecological and evolutionary biology.last_img read more

£2m spend for Phileas Fogg

first_imgUnited Biscuits has launched a £2million marketing campaign for its snack brand Phileas Fogg, which includes new pack designs and new television advertising to start mid-February.The firm has said the new TV advert will build on the brand’s 2009 theme of highlighting “the authenticity of Phileas Fogg ingredients and how they are sourced”, and will be set in Modena, Italy.The new pack designs for its snack range, which includes crisps, tortillas and poppadoms were rolled-out last month, with the use of more colour to help consumers distinguish between the different flavours.“Since it’s re-launch last year, Phileas Fogg has grown to become worth almost £12m at RSV and has had a significant impact on growing the premium bagged snacks segment, which is up 7% YOY and worth £517m,” commented Helen Warren-Piper, marketing director of bagged snacks at United Biscuits.last_img read more

England’s girls beat Germany

first_img England, led by Elizabeth Mallett, made a sensational start to the European girls’ team championship in Germany with a first day team score of 22-under par. Their closest rivals at St Leon Rot are Spain, who are 19 shots behind on three-under, and Germany on level par. Team captain Julie Sparrow said: “I have never seen a set of scores like it. It’s just amazing – and they all came in saying they could have done better. They were all very, very impressive.” After tomorrow’s second stroke play round, the top eight teams will qualify for the championship matchplay flight and will contest the medals. England, the 2011 silver medallists, aim to go one better this year and win the gold. Elizabeth Mallett (Sutton Coldfield Ladies’, Image © Leaderboard Photography) led the team’s scoring. Her superb eight-under par 64 – the low round of the day – was perfectly composed of eight birdies and 10 pars. For the record, she birdied holes 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10, 16 and 17. Emily Taylor (Hillside) and Georgia Hall (Remedy Oak) both returned scores of five-under 67 and their very similar scorecards each included one eagle, one bogey and four birdies. Charley Hull (Woburn), meanwhile, had an eagle and five birdies in her 68. Bronte Law (Bramhall), with a double bogey on the last, and Meghan MacLaren (Wellingborough) completed the team’s scoring with level par rounds of 72 – one of which is discarded. It was apparent very early on that England were on a roll. The first three players out – Charley, Elizabeth and Emily – were a total of 10-under at the turn and 17-under when they finished. Bronte and Meghan were next in, before Georgia took the score to 22-under. According to Julie, the secret of the scoring was in the team’s preparation with England Golf coach Steve Robinson. “We had two really productive practice days and did lots of really good preparation. That was the key – and the girls then played to plan.” She added: “Now we’ve got to draw a line under this and get ready for tomorrow.” Leading team scores: -22 England 338 -3 Spain 357 Par Germany 360 +4 Italy 364 +6 Netherlands 366, France 366 +7 Finland 367, Demark 367 Selected others: +11 Scotland 371 +15 Ireland 375 +39 Wales 399 England’s girls beat The Netherlands 13 July 2012 England bounced back from disappointment in the European girls’ team championship to beat the Netherlands today 3½-1½ at St Leon Rot, Germany. “The Netherlands gave us a great game and the girls were playing very good golf,” said team captain Julie Sparrow. The new foursomes pairing of Charley Hull and Meghan MacLaren worked very well, despite a shaky start. The girls pulled back and went on to claim their point on the 18th. Georgia Hall (Image © Leaderboard Photography) and Bronte Law secured the victory when they produced convincing wins. With the result decided, the match of Emily Taylor was declared halved. In tomorrow’s final day England take on Germany in the play-off for fifth place. It would be the best they could achieve after their medal hopes were dashed yesterday when they were beaten by Sweden. Julie commented: “After such a disappointment you could easily put your head down and say ‘That’s it, we’re not going to win anything.’ But we’ve turned it round, we’ve pointed out to the girls that if they turn professional they would be fighting for their prize money and the difference between 5th and 8th place is huge. They’ve responded really well and the golf has been very good.” England results: Foursomes Meghan MacLaren (Wellingborough) & Charley Hull (Woburn) beat Gulia van den Berg and Charlotte Puts 1 up. Singles Elizabeth Mallett (Sutton Coldfield Ladies’) lost to Anne van Dam 2 down Georgia Hall (Remedy Oak) beat Elise Boehmer 2 up Bronte Law (Bramhall) beat Dewi Weber 4/2 Emily Taylor (Hillside) halved with Ileen Domela Nieuwenhuis England’s medal hopes are dashed 12 July 2012 England’s hopes of a medal in the European girls’ team championship were dashed when they lost 3-4 to Sweden in the first matchplay round at St Leon Rot, Germany. The defeat means the top seeds are ruled out of the hunt for medals and they will now play for place in the championship flight. Sweden grabbed the initiative early in the day by winning both foursomes, in keenly contested matches. One went to the 19th and the other was decided on the 18th. England were dealt a further blow when Charley Hull was beaten in the top singles, meaning the team needed to win the remaining four games. They almost did it, all four players were up at the turn and Georgia Hall, Elizabeth Mallett and Emily Taylor succeeding in winning their points. But the last game on the course ended in defeat for Bronte Law. England results Foursomes Charley Hull (Woburn) & Georgia Hall (Remedy Oak) lost to Linnea Strom & Linn Andersson at 19th. Bronte Law (Bramhall) & Emily Taylor (Hillside) lost to Elsa Westin & Isabella Deilert 1 down Singles Hull lost to Emma Nilsson 4/2 Hall beat Mia Landegren 3/2 Elizabeth Mallett (Sutton Coldfield ladies’) beat Deilert 5/4 Law lost to Strom 2 down Taylor beat Andersson 5/3 Other results Italy beat the Netherlands 4½–2½ Denmark beat Germany 4½–2½ Spain beat France 4-3. In tomorrow’s semi-finals Sweden will play Italy while Denmark take on Spain. In the other matches England will play the Netherlands and Germany play France. Scores and results for the Girls European Team Championship England lead qualifiers in European girls’ team championship 11 July 2012 England gave a command performance to shoot 35-under par and win the qualifying stage of the European girls’ team championship at St Leon Rot in Germany. They finished 21 shots clear of their closest rival, Spain, and are now seeded top in the championship matchplay flight. Tomorrow England will play Sweden in the first knockout round. Team captain Julie Sparrow commented: “We are delighted, but there’s no air punching or euphoria here. The girls all know they did a good job, but that there is more work to do.” The team were 22-under par after the first qualifying round and they quickly built on their lead today. Charley Hull (Woburn) came in first with a six-under 66, which took her personal score to 10-under. She was followed by Elizabeth Mallett (Sutton Coldfield Ladies’), whose 69 took her to 11-under. Shortly afterwards, her overall score was matched by Georgia Hall (Remedy Oak), whose 66 included an eagle two on the 10th, where she holed a five iron. Later in the day the wind got up and became steadily stronger and the scores rose. But Emily Taylor (Hillside) managed a one-under 71 for a six-under total, while Bronte Law (Bramhall) added 75. The 78 of Meghan MacLaren (Wellingborough) was discounted. England players filled the first four places in the individual table, with Elizabeth Mallett and Georgia Hall sharing first place, Charley Hull one shot behind in third, and Emily Taylor sharing fourth place. Championship flight qualifying scores: -35 England -14 Spain Par Germany +2 Italy +9 Netherlands +10 Denmark +12 France +14 Sweden Championship draw: England v Sweden Italy v Netherlands Denmark v Germany France v Spain Sensational England lead European girls’ team championship 10 July 2012 England ended the European girls’ team championship with a 3½-1½ win over the hosts, Germany. It meant England finished in fifth place at St Leon Rot, which was the best they could achieve after they lost to Sweden in the first knockout round. Sweden went on to win the championship, Spain won the silver medal and Denmark the bronze. In today’s final match England were narrowly beaten in the foursomes, before going on to win the first three singles to take the point. The final game was declared halved. England results Foursomes Elizabeth Mallett (Sutton Coldfield Ladies’) & Meghan MacLaren (Wellingborough) lost to Quirine-Louise Eijkenboom & Franziska Friedrich 2/1 Singles Charley Hull (Woburn) beat Antonia Scherer 4/3 Georgia Hall (Remedy Oak) beat Karolin Lampert 3/2 Bronte Law (Bramhall) beat Sophia Zeeb 4/3 Emily Taylor (Hillside) halved with Isabell Gabsa Final placings: 1 Sweden, 2 Spain, 3 Denmark, 4 Italy, 5 England, 6 Germany, 7 France, 8 Netherlandscenter_img 10 Jul 2012 England’s girls beat Germany last_img read more

Churches House Volunteers, Help Heal Devastated Communities

first_imgBy Mary Ann BourbeauThe United Metho­dist Church building in Highlands has a new lease on life.After the church was closed several years ago, the building’s fate was up in the air. It was leased out for a while but then the 65-year-old structure was flooded by Super Storm Sandy. [private]Now the brick church on Bay Avenue has been converted into a space to house volunteers from around the country who come to help rebuild homes damaged by the horrific October storm.It is not the only church in the area to be used to house volunteers helping those in the area recover from Sandy. The First Presbyterian Church of Red Bank also was renovated to host up to 20 people.In Highlands, the leaders of the Greater New Jersey United Methodist Church realized after the storm that area residents were going to need both short-term and long-term help. Under the leadership of Bishop John Schol, they started an independent, nonprofit organization called A Future with Hope, with the goal of rebuilding 500 homes over five years. The focus would be to help those who are elderly, disabled and low income. The organization is now based out of the Highlands church.“Even in the midst of the most challenging times, there is a hopeful future for us, and by working together we can realize those hopes,” Schol said. “A Future with Hope will be around for the long haul, a long-term effort by the United Methodist Church in New Jersey to focus on relief, recovery and mission work.”A Future with Hope, a partner with United Metho­dist Committee on Relief, has received significant funding from the Robin Hood Foundation, the American Red Cross and members of the United Methodist Church.Since it began rebuilding homes in March, the organization has had the help of nearly 1,000 volunteers from 16 states. Most come for a week and stay in one of 10 hosting sites, the largest of which is the Highlands church that opened its doors July 15 and can host up to 100 people at a time.Recently, volunteers from Houston, Texas, stayed in the repurposed church, which now has a kitchen and showers. While men sleep on cots in the sanctuary, women’s cots are in the basement. They worked at a site in Keyport, while another group from St. Paul’s United Methodist Church in North Canton, Ohio, helped rebuild a home in Highlands. Those volunteers, who were staying in a Lacey Township church, worked with a group from Bridgewater at the one-story home that had to be gutted after taking on more than 3 feet of water. Some were skilled in areas such as carpentry; others, including high school students, learned how to Sheetrock, spackle and paint.“Jesus told us to help people,” said the Rev. Erwin Urschitz of Ohio. “We’ve been to help those affected by Katrina five times. We go where the need is, one home at a time, one family at a time, if that’s all you can do. We’re really glad to be helping our brothers and sisters, wherever they might be. We have to do something. We can’t just pray for them.We have to put our boots physically on the ground.”Case managers for A Future with Hope take applications from those in need. Currently, there are 11 homes under construction.Morgan Lalevee, 18, of Bridgewater, volunteered her time at the home in Highlands, learning to spackle and sand walls. She was happy to donate her time, especially after meeting the homeowner.“This house has been in her family for 80 years and she didn’t want to give it up,” Lalevee said. “Her face lit up when she saw how much we got done.”Her clothes and face covered with specks of spackle, Lalevee said she was having fun working on the home.“I enjoy helping people,” she said. “I don’t look at it like I’m giving up my summer. I’m using my time in a better way.”The volunteers, who arrive on Sundays and bring their own bedding to the host church, have an orientation and safety lesson on Mon­days. They then receive their assignments based on need and skill level. A Future with Hope provides them with one meal during the week. Often members of the groups go out and spend money in the community where they are helping, offering another plus for the hard-hit town.“We’re very pleased that (the church building) was transformed to serve the community,” said Beverly Schol, regional manager for A Future with Hope.In Red Bank, the First Presbyterian Church at Tower Hill has also been renovated to accommodate volunteers.“Many of our congregation’s members were affected by Sandy and as a church we needed to respond,” said Sue Elam of Oceanport, chairwoman of the church’s storm recovery team.The volunteers receive their assignments from Gateway Church in Union Beach. During a recent week, 300 people from around the country went there to help. A group from Missouri stayed at Tower Hill while they worked on a home in Keansburg.“We’ve discovered some people have been living in their damaged homes because they have no place else to go,” Elam said. “For people to help them find a path forward has been emotionally uplifting to the homeowners – and it’s personally rewarding for the people who come in to help.”The Red Bank church will only be available to groups in the summer because the space is used as a nursery school during the school year. But Elam expects the church to host volunteers again next year.“So many people have been affected,” she said. “It’s going to be a long road getting people back in their homes.”Additional information about A Future with Hope is available by visiting www.gnjumc.org or calling 732-359-1012.[/private]View the photo gallery herelast_img read more

SA call centres ‘set to boom’

first_img17 January 2007South African IT services company Galdon Data announced recently that it was experiencing an increased demand for call centre solutions and services in Cape Town.In a statement issued last month, the company said it strongly believed the call centre industry was set for major growth over the next few years as South Africa became the preferred call centre hub in Africa.“London-based market analysis firm Datamonitor expects the number of call centre agent positions in South Africa, which is favoured by British companies for its cultural affinity with Europe, to more than triple by 2010,” Galdon Data said.“According to Calling the Cape, a body that promotes call centre development in the province, call centres are crucial for economic development in the Western Cape. Nationally, the number of jobs is expected to grow to 100 000 by 2009.”Galdon Data CEO Garry Ackerman said this growth was mainly as a result of the country’s affordable labour, good language skills and time zones that chime with Western Europe.“There has been a sharp rise in offshore investors, local companies developing customers’ contact facilities for the first time, and new outsourcing businesses, many of them black-owned,” Ackerman said.“South Africa is an appealing option for investors because it shares a time zone with Western Europe, and the high levels of education and familiarity with European culture means it is often seen as a high-quality niche market.”However, he noted that some investors were deterred by the relatively high telecoms tariffs in SA.Galdon Data provides services and solutions for call centres especially in the areas of business process automation and unified messaging. “This encompasses information capture, business information delivery, convergence and document solutions using the Microsoft, Captaris and Autonomy (Cardiff) range of products,” says Uwin Young, Galdon Data’s regional manager for the Western Cape.SouthAfrica.info reporter Want to use this article in your publication or on your website?See: Using SAinfo materiallast_img read more

Rice 2nd, Chalupsky 9th in Molokai

first_imgRice led with less than two kilometres to go in the brutal 52km crossing of the Kaiwi Channel, also known as the Channel of Bones, but was beaten to the finish at the Hawaii Kai Town Centre by former Olympic gold medallist Clint Robinson of Australia, who took the laurels in just less than four hours. RESULTSClint Robinson (Aus) 3:55:24Sean Rice (RSA) 4:00:43Cory Hill (Aus) 4:06:04Sam Norton (Aus) 4:12:43Craig Flanagan (RSA) 4:21:07Martin Kenny (Aus) 4:21:19Mike Walker (NZL) 4:21:44Dane Sloss (Aus) 4:26:50Oscar Chalupsky (RSA) 4:28:24Michael Beyer (Haw) 4:28:27Zsolt Szadovszki (Hun) 4:28:41Grant Kenny (Aus) 4:29:27Simon Longdill (NZL) 4:30:02Matt O’Garey (Aus) 4:31:08Jeff Le Marseney (Aus) 4:32:50 The race organisers have committed to holding the event in a four-day window period in the future to take advantage of optimal downwind racing conditions. “Congratulations to Clint for the win today,” said Chalupsky, a 12-time Molokai winner. “It was very tough for me today, but the ninth was all I could expect in the headwind conditions. Oscar Chalupsky’s bid to claim a 13th Molokai Challenge surfski marathon title in the year that he turned 50 ended with a ninth-place finish in Hawaii on Monday, with fellow South African Sean Rice coming within a whisker of winning the race on debut. 21 May 2013 “It was probably the toughest Molokai I have done. My average speed was 11.5km/h, when we usually average around 16km/h on a typical Molokai.” SAinfo reporter As they approached Portlock Point, the race had become a two-horse affair, with Rice taking the lead over Robinson, and the duo well clear of the rest of the contenders. String outRobinson gradually took the race by the scruff of the neck, sticking close to the rhumb line, and an hour-and-a-half into the race the field had strung out with Robinson leading Sam Norton, Sean Rice, Dane Sloss and Chalupsky, in fifth. Chalupsky led a bunch of contenders including Robinson and Rice on a northerly line from the start, staying on the rhumb line, while Martin Kenny spearheaded a group that went slightly further south.center_img “It is an international event, there are a handful of local Hawaiians and everyone else has flown in, so holding it over a window period is the way to go,” said Chalupsky. Local star Pat Dolan had clung tenaciously to third but was caught out by the massive surf at China Wall and dumped, smashing his ski into three pieces. ‘Started well’ Australian Miranda Davis won the women’s race, with a 25th place finish overall. ‘A long haul’“Conditions were really tough, but the wind from the right cooled things down a bit,” said Robinson. “It was a long haul.” By the time the leaders approached the legendary China Wall, where the surf was breaking in a 10-foot wall on the inside line close to the cliffs, Robinson was back in front, and caught a wave into the finish at Pillars and the town centre. Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material “I started really well, but as the headwind wore on the younger guys started to come through – you can see that in the results. Racing on flat seas in extreme heat and a slight northerly wind from the side, the race turned into a relentless grind with no downwind runs available to the paddlers.last_img read more

10 months agoWolves striker Austin Samuel pens new deal

first_imgWolves striker Austin Samuel pens new dealby Paul Vegas10 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveWolves striker Austin Samuel has penned a new two-and-half year contract.The 18-year-old joined Wolves as an under-8 player, progressing through the Academy system, and will now remain a part of the club until 2021.In 2009 Samuels was spotted by a local scout and first signed for the club in May that year, having previously played locally for Newbridge Rangers.Since then he’s rose as high as under-23 level this season, appearing six times in all competitions for Rob Edwards’ side.The striker netted in victories over Newcastle United and Sunderland, and featured in the Checkatrade Trophy against Mansfield Town’s first-team. He could come into contention for the under-23s’ return to action against West Brom on Monday. TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

9 months agoFulham boss Ranieri: Burnley had three chances and scored two own goals

first_imgFulham boss Ranieri: Burnley had three chances and scored two own goalsby Paul Vegas9 months agoSend to a friendShare the loveFulham boss Claudio Ranieri insists they deserved something from their 2-1 defeat at Burnley.Jeff Hendrick, playing in an unfamiliar right midfield role, had two first half efforts deflected in off Joe Bryan and Denis Odoi to cancel out Andre Schurrle’s stunning second minute goal.Ranier said, “Football is fantastic. We deserved more but that’s football.”They had three chances and scored two own goals. We are alive, we never give up and we continue to fight.”I am satisfied with our performance. We knew it would be a battle, they won so they are right and we are wrong.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

a month agoValencia president Anil Murthy has Twitter account hacked

first_imgValencia president Anil Murthy has Twitter account hackedby Carlos Volcanoa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveValencia president Anil Murthy has had his Twitter account hacked.After being forced to apologise on behalf of Peter Lim to the Valencia squad for Marcelino’s sacking, his Twitter account was hacked on Wednesday night.Murthy managed to regain control of his account, stating that he’d been hacked and had deleted the previous two posts.The club president has been at the centre of the Marcelino sacking, but insists that the team need to keep moving forward.”This season we’re going to keep working to make the club improve,” he said.”On Sunday, we play at Mestalla against Leganes.”We’re calm right now, we have a new coach and the confidence of the team is in their coach.”We’re going to fight again this season to fulfil the objectives that this club deserves.” About the authorCarlos VolcanoShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more