WHO confirms Indonesia’s 53rd avian flu case

first_imgJul 14, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – A 3-year-old girl who died on Jul 6 near Jakarta had Indonesia’s 53rd case of H5N1 avian influenza, according to test results announced today by the World Health Organization (WHO).Meanwhile, Bloomberg news reported last night that the only survivor of a recent family cluster of avian flu cases in Indonesia is being treated for brain abscesses.The 3-year-old girl, who was from a suburb of Jakarta, became ill on Jun 23 and was hospitalized Jul 5. The WHO said investigators found that she had handled some dead chickens 2 days before she fell ill. Samples taken from chickens in her neighborhood were positive. Investigators found no other patients with influenza-like illnesses, and they are monitoring close contacts of the girl, the agency said.With 41 avian flu deaths, Indonesia now trails Vietnam for most deaths by only one, according to WHO statistics. Vietnam, however, has had no human cases of H5N1 since last November, while Indonesia’s 53 cases have all come in 2005 and 2006.According to the Bloomberg story, Luhur Soeroso, a doctor caring for the sole survivor of the avian flu case cluster in North Sumatra, said the 25-year-old man experienced headaches and fatigue a month after he was treated for avian flu. The patient, Jones Ginting, is hospitalized at Adam Malik Hospital in the northern Sumatra city of Medan. The cluster involved seven confirmed cases and one probable case.”We found abscesses in several parts of his brain,” Soeroso said. He suggested that antibiotics and other drugs given for avian flu might have weakened the patient’s immune system, but said the brain abscesses are gradually shrinking in response to treatment.Neurologic manifestations of H5N1 infection have been reported before, though rarely. A Vietnamese boy who died of encephalitis in 2004 was later found to have had H5N1 infection, according to a research report published last year. Encephalitis is also known to be a rare complication of ordinary influenza.See also:Jul 14 WHO update on Indonesian situationhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_07_14/en/index.htmlJun 22 CIDRAP News article “WHO concludes H5N1 likely spread within family”Feb 16, 2005, CIDRAP News article “Avian flu caused encephalitis in Vietnamese boy”last_img read more

WHO confirms three more H5N1 cases in Indonesia

first_imgSep 8, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization today recognized three more cases of H5N1 avian influenza in Indonesia, including one reported by the government yesterday and two dating back to 2005.The case reported by Indonesia yesterday was in a 14-year-old girl from Makassar in South Sulawesi province. After exposure to poultry near her home, she became ill Jun 18 and died Jun 24, the WHO said. Her case was identified through Indonesia’s routine flu surveillance program.Recognition of the two 2005 cases follows the recent revision of the WHO’s H5N1 case definitions. The cases previously did not meet the definition for a serologically confirmed H5N1 infection, the agency said.One of the cases from 2005 was that of an 8-year-old girl from Tangerang, outside Jakarta, the WHO said. She fell ill Jun 24, 2005, and died the following Jul 14. Her case was part of a family cluster reported to the WHO in July 2005.The cluster included the 8-year-old, her father, and her 1-year-old sister, all of whom died in July 2005. Theirs were the first cases of H5N1 illness reported in Indonesia.Indonesian officials said at the time that all three family members had the virus. Until now, the WHO had recognized only the case in the father. In today’s statement the WHO said nothing about the reported case in the 1-year-old girl.The other newly confirmed case from 2005 was in a 45-year-old man from Magelang in Central Java province, the WHO said. He became ill Nov 25, 2005, after contact with sick chickens, but he later recovered.The WHO said recognition of the two cases from 2005 reconciles its H5N1 case count for Indonesia with that of the Indonesian Ministry of Health. The official count is 63 cases with 48 deaths, the most deaths of any country. Vietnam has had the most cases, 93, but only 42 were fatal.The global H5N1 toll has now reached 244 cases with 143 deaths, according to the WHO.The reason for the late reporting of the South Sulawesi girl’s case was that avian flu was not suspected when clinical samples were taken, according to an Indonesian official quoted in an Agence France-Presse (AFP) report yesterday. The samples were later forwarded to the health ministry’s laboratory for avian flu testing, said Runizar Roesin of the national avian flu center.Indonesia confirmed the girl’s case on the basis of its own local tests, rather than waiting for confirmation by the WHO reference lab in Hong Kong, the AFP story said.Sari Setiogi, WHO spokesperson in Indonesia, said that Jakarta can now confirm H5N1 cases after two local tests are positive, according to AFP.See also:Sep 8 WHO statementhttp://www.who.int/csr/don/2006_09_08a/en/index.htmlRevised WHO definitions for human H5N1 casesJul 21, 2005, CIDRAP News story “WHO: confirmation of H5N1 awaited in 2 Indonesian cases”last_img read more

Anti-clotting drug may hinder action of Tamiflu

first_imgNov 9, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – A laboratory study indicates that the antiplatelet drug clopidogrel (Plavix) may limit the action of the antiviral oseltamivir (Tamiflu), which could mean trouble for cardiovascular disease patients who contract influenza.The study by a team from the University of Rhode Island suggests that people taking clopidogrel to prevent heart attack or stroke may get little benefit from oseltamivir. The team found that clopidogrel reduced an initial step in the metabolization of oseltamivir up to 90% when the drugs were present in equal concentrations, according to the study, published in the Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.”Concurrent use of both drugs would inhibit the activation of oseltamivir . . . thus making this antiviral agent therapeutically inactive,” said senior author and pharmacy professor Bingfang Yan in a University of Rhode Island news release.However, it’s not known whether the drug interaction observed in the lab study would occur to the same extent in the human body, according to others, including a spokesman for Roche, the manufacturer of Tamiflu.Oseltamivir, a neuraminidase inhibitor, is used to treat seasonal flu and is both the first-choice drug for treating people infected with H5N1 avian influenza and the best hope for treatment if H5N1 evolves into a pandemic strain. It must be given within the first 48 hours of symptom onset to be effective. Clopidogrel is used widely to prevent heart attack and stroke in patients who have already had such an episode or have peripheral arterial disease.Oseltamivir must first be hydrolyzed (split into fragments by reaction with water) to be active in the body, according to the report. The researchers report that a liver enzyme called HCE1 is a key factor in the hydroloysis of both oseltamivir and clopidogrel. The scientists induced human embryonic kidney cells to produce HCE1, exposed the cells to high-frequency sound, and used a centrifuge to remove the cell debris, their report says. Then they added varying amounts of oseltamivir and clopidogrel to the remaining liquid and assessed the hydroloysis of oseltamivir.When clopidogrel and oseltamivir were present in equal concentrations of 50 micromoles per liter, hydrolysis of oseltamivir was reduced by up to 90% compared with the level in the absence of clopidogrel. When the concentration of clopidogrel was only 10% that of oseltamivir, it still reduced hydrolysis of the antiviral by 55%, according to the report.Given the widespread use of clopidogrel, it is likely that oseltamivir and clopidogrel are used concurrently in some patients, the report states. The findings suggest that those who receive both drugs at the same time remain susceptible to flu if they are not yet infected or, if they are infected, can spread it to others, the authors say.”Now we need to study the effects of the combination in human trials,” Yan said in the news release. He has notified the US Food and Drug Administration and the National Institutes of Health of his findings.Louis M. Mansky, director of the University of Minnesota’s Institute for Molecular Virology in Minneapolis, said the findings warrant further study to see if the drug interaction would occur in the human body as it does in the laboratory.”The study is interesting and suggests that Plavix can prevent metabolic conversion of Tamiflu to the active drug,” Mansky told CIDRAP News by e-mail.”The main limitation is that it’s unclear how well this finding translates into a clinical situation (ie, it might not be as concerning, as the inhibition of Tamiflu conversion might not be as great),” he said.”Observations in cell culture don’t always translate perfectly when analyzed in clinical studies,” Mansky added. “The only way to know for sure is to extend these studies, which I think is warranted and worth doing.”Terence J. Hurley, a US spokesman for Roche, manufacturer of Tamiflu, said the study by itself does not prove there is a clinically relevant interaction between clopidogrel and oseltamivir.”Roche has made a preliminary review of this publication and concludes that the authors extrapolate their findings beyond the scope of the study,” Hurley told CIDRAP News by e-mail. “The clinical conclusions are made based on in vitro data from a limited dataset. Neither the limitations of the in vitro study nor the clinical relevance of concentrations evaluated were discussed.”He added that Roche plans to conduct a full evaluation of the study and will provide the results to regulatory agencies if any significant concerns are identified.Shi D, Yang J, Yang D, et al. Anti-influenza viral prodrug oseltamivir is activated by carboxylesterase HCE1 and the activation is inhibited by anti-platelet agent clopidogrel. J Pharmacol Exper Ther 2006; early online publication Sep 11 [Abstract]last_img read more

CDC launches late-season flu vaccination push

first_imgNov 13, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – Although 77 million doses of seasonal influenza vaccine have already been delivered this fall, distribution delays have left some providers empty-handed, prompting the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to intensify its message on the benefits of late-season vaccination.At a press conference today, the CDC announced the designation of the week after Thanksgiving as “National Influenza Vaccination Week.” CDC Director Julie Gerberding, MD, MPH, said the aim is to raise awareness about seasonal flu vaccination and urge more Americans to be vaccinated in November, December, and later.The CDC predicts that flu vaccine manufacturers will produce a record number of doses this year, between 110 and 115 million. Gerberding said the remaining doses will be shipped through November and into early December. She urged healthcare providers to make good use of the final deliveries of flu vaccine by scheduling extra clinics, extending clinic hours, and supporting mass vaccinations at sites such as retail stores.L.J. Tan, PhD, director of infectious diseases for the American Medical Association (AMA), said many patients mistakenly believe that the only time to get vaccinated is before Thanksgiving. “This is a step toward shattering that myth,” he told reporters. Administering the flu vaccine in November, December, January and beyond is consistent with federal Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendations.Gerberding said that though distributors try to provide at least partial fulfillment of all vaccine orders early in the season so that all providers can begin their vaccination activities, some providers are still having trouble getting their doses. “There are still mismatches between the need and supply in certain parts of the country,” she said.Because flu vaccine sales and distribution are handled by private companies, the CDC can’t control the flow of the product to customers.Don Williamson, MD, Alabama state health officer, said some public health agencies have adequate supplies of the vaccine, but others are struggling. He estimated that 40% to 45% of providers in Alabama have received their shipments and about 30% have their shipments of the children’s vaccine.Delays affect family physiciansTan said that smaller providers, such as family practice physicians, are most likely to have been affected by distribution delays. “The biggest challenges are the chronically ill, high-risk patients that seek the vaccine from their family doctors in early October,” he said. “If they can’t get it, they go somewhere else. We want to encourage them to go back to their physicians.”Some AMA members have reported that the delays aren’t as bad as last year, Tan said, adding that there’s still room for improvement in the vaccine distribution system.Gerberding said that despite the record number of doses this year, public health officials worry about supplies going unused. “We’re trying to do everything we can to get every dose used,” she said.The CDC is starting to see some flu activity, but Gerberding said it is too early to say what the predominant strains are and how widespread and virulent they’ll be. According to CDC tracking through Nov 4, Florida and Louisiana have local activity, and North Carolina is the only state showing regional activity.In June, federal health officials recommended that toddlers aged 2 through 4 years be immunized against influenza each year, adding millions of people to the groups included in vaccination recommendations.Children often miss second vaccine doseIn other flu immunization news, a report in the November issue of Pediatrics said that in a 3-year study, most children being immunized against flu for the first time did not receive the second dose recommended for optimal protection.The CDC recommends that children aged 6 months to 9 years who have never received a flu shot should receive two doses of vaccine. Those who receive trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine (TIV) vaccine should have a booster 1 month or longer after the initial dose, before the onset of the flu season.Researchers evaluated 125,928 children aged 6 months through 8 years who were members of health maintenance organizations participating in the Vaccine Safety Datalink project. The children received their first TIV dose in the 2001-02, 2002-03, or 2003-04 influenza season.Compliance with the two-dose recommendation varied by age-group and influenza season. Among children younger than 2, the proportions who received their second dose were 44%, 54%, and 29% over the three seasons. In children older than 2, compliance was 15%, 24%, and 12% over the three seasons. Children were more likely to receive the recommended second dose if they received their first dose by mid November.Researchers concluded that noncompliance with the two-dose TIV series could decrease the direct and indirect benefits of vaccination programs.Jackson LA, Neuzil KM, Baggs J, et al. Compliance with the recommendations for two doses of trivalent inactivated influenza vaccine in children less than 9 years of age receiving influenza vaccine for the first time: a Vaccine Safety Datalink study. Pediatrics 2006;118(5) [Abstract]See also:CDC weekly influenza updatehttp://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/last_img read more

CDC says flu is widespread in 49 states

first_imgFeb 22, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – Influenza activity was widespread in 49 US states by the end of last week, up from 44 states a week earlier, but the epidemic’s growth was not as dramatic as it was the previous week, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today.Nancy Cox, MD, chief of the CDC’s influenza division, told reporters at a media teleconference today that Florida is the only state reporting only regional activity. “Flu activity has continued to increase, but not quite as dramatically as the increases we’ve seen over the previous 2 weeks,” she said.”From a 10-year perspective, we are within the normal parameters of what we’d expect for an influenza season,” she said.Cox said the predominant influenza subtype in the United States is still A/H3N2, though H1N1 subtypes were more common at the beginning of the season. Most of the H3N2 isolates the CDC has analyzed so far involve the A/Brisbane/10/2007-like variant, which does not match this season’s vaccine. According to the most recent surveillance information, for the week ending Feb 16, 79% (55) of the H3N2 samples the CDC analyzed were the Brisbane variant.Among the 69 influenza B samples the CDC has analyzed, 94% (64) were in the Yamagata lineage, which also is not included in this year’s vaccine. In contrast, 88% (124 of 141) of H1N1 isolates analyzed so far matched the Solomon Islands strain used in the vaccine.The number of pediatric deaths related to the flu rose to 22 last week, up 12 from the previous week’s total, Cox reported.Although only one of the three flu subtypes circulating this year is well matched by the vaccine, CDC officials say they haven’t noted any unusual patterns of clinical consequences. Cox said the CDC often receives anecdotal reports of influenza in patients who have received the vaccine, even in years when the circulating viruses and the vaccine are well matched.She said the CDC is conducting studies of the effectiveness of this year’s vaccine and will publish the results in an upcoming issue of Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.Physicians’ impressions of flu seasonSome physicians contacted by CIDRAP News this week stopped short of describing the flu season as worse than usual, despite the irregularities that have been reported with the vaccine and circulating strains.William Schaffner, MD, chair of the Department of Preventive Medicine at the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in Nashville, said flu has been increasing in Tennessee recently, but he expects the season to be no worse than average. Schaffner also is vice president of the National Foundation for Infectious Diseases.”In the middle Tennessee area we’re certainly seeing a lot of flu-like illness, and my sense is when the more specific diagnostic tests are being used, they’re coming up positive,” he said. “My sense is that we’re going to have a moderate influenza season, not one that’ll fill every bed in every hospital. But it’s brisk—doctors and emergency rooms are getting lots of calls.”Noting that one flu strain in the vaccine (H1N1) matches well with viruses circulating in the United States, Schaffner said he was not worried about the imperfect match between the vaccine and viruses. “I’m not at all distressed that we have one bull’s eye, one a little off the bull’s eye, and one that misses the target completely. That’s pretty good,” he said.”The major reason we give influenza vaccine is to prevent the complications of flu,” Schaffner added. The vaccine may provide complete protection for young people with robust immune systems, he explained. In frail people, the vaccine often yields incomplete protection, but it may still prevent pneumonia, hospitalization, or worse, he said.He added that mismatches between the vaccine and the viruses happen “with some frequency.” Most of the time, “The issue is not whether there’s a mismatch, but by how much. Analyses almost always indicate you have some protection.”Henry “Hank” Bernstein, DO, chief of general pediatrics at the Children’s Hospital at Dartmouth, in Lebanon, N.H., said the flu season was quiet in his area until a few weeks ago. However, Bernstein, a member of the American Academy of Pediatrics’ Committee on Infectious Diseases, said he has heard anecdotal reports from across the nation of vaccinated patients who were sick with flu.”I emphasize that there are still vaccine doses available and that people should continue to get their immunizations until the spring,” he said. “There are different peaks at different times throughout the season.”Priya Sampathkumar, MD, an infectious disease specialist at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., said in an e-mail that she has seen influenza infections in vaccinated patients, but that the disease seems less severe in such instances.Tamiflu resistanceEuropean health officials have reported increasing rates of oseltamivir (Tamiflu) resistance in circulating influenza A/H1N1 viruses this season, and the CDC has also found a higher prevalence of resistant isolates than in previous years. In its most recent update, the CDC said it has tested 471 flu viruses and found that 27 (5.7%) had the oseltamivir resistance mutation, up slightly from the 4.6% reported a week ago. All were H1N1 viruses. In contrast, less than 1% of H1N1 viruses tested last year showed resistance.Cox told reporters today that the CDC has received only sporadic reports of antiviral resistance from eight states. “We are increasing our surveillance for it, and we’ve solicited a lot of samples from state health departments,” she said.The Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) on Feb 14 issued an alert to healthcare providers about 10 Chicago-area patients that had antiviral-resistant flu infections; eight were from an outbreak at a single facility, which has not been named, according to a Feb 17 report from the Chicago Tribune.The IDPH statement advised that influenza patients who are in intensive care should receive a combination of antiviral drugs until their viral samples are analyzed, the Tribune reported.Schaffner said the reports of oseltamivir resistance are not affecting physicians’ treatment decisions: “That’s not playing a role at all in how physicians in this neck of the woods are using Tamiflu. Doctors are using it a lot. They’re urging patients to come in early. Physicians have really gotten the message that you can shorten the duration and severity of influenza by treating [with antivirals].””I think it would be very difficult for those of us in practice to detect that [resistance] on a clinical level,” he commented.See also:CDC’s weekly flu overviewFeb 8 CIDRAP News story “CDC says influenza B strain doesn’t match vaccine”Feb 7 CIDRAP News story “Europe reports further increase in Tamiflu resistance”Feb 6 CIDRAP News story “US seeing flu strain not matched by vaccine”last_img read more

Tomato-linked Salmonella cases push past 600

first_imgJun 24, 2008 (CIDRAP News) – The number of cases confirmed in a nationwide Salmonella outbreak linked to certain types of fresh tomatoes swelled to 613 over the past 3 days, as federal officials ruled out several Mexican states in an investigation that has focused on Mexico and parts of Florida as possible sources of the contaminated produce.The latest update, released yesterday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), shows that over the past 3 days 61 cases have been added to the tally and that Massachusetts has been added to the list of states affected by the outbreak, raising the total to 33.The illnesses are linked to an unusual strain, Salmonella enterica serotype Saintpaul. In early June the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned consumers not to eat raw red plum, red Roma, or red round tomatoes, or products that contain any of those varieties, unless the growing areas are on a list posted on the agency’s Web site.As in other recent updates on the outbreak, the CDC said the new cases mainly reflect increased surveillance by state health departments and completion of lab tests, rather than a spike in new cases.Based on information from 316 patients, illness onset dates ranged from Apr 10 to June 13. Ages ranged from younger than 1 to 99 years, and 50% of the patients were female. At least 69 people were hospitalized, but no deaths have been blamed on the outbreak. (As mentioned in the CDC’s earlier updates, however, salmonellosis may have contributed to the death of a Texas man who died of cancer.)Meanwhile, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), in an update on its investigation yesterday, added 28 more Mexican states to its list of growing areas that have not been associated with the outbreak. In the FDA’s previous update, only one Mexican state, Baja California Norte, had been ruled out. Jim Prevor, a produce industry expert who hosts a blog called Perishable Pundit, wrote today that only three Mexican states have not been ruled out yet: Coahuila, Sinaloa, and Jalisco.In other Salmonella outbreak news, public health officials in Kansas are investigating a Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis outbreak that they fear might have a wide reach beyond Harvey County, where nine cases have already been confirmed. The county is in south-central Kansas, north of Wichita.Rita Flickinger, director of the county’s health department, told CIDRAP News that the illnesses surfaced in the wake of a large youth basketball tournament held in Newton, the Harvey County seat, in early June. A total of 650 teams from 15 different states competed in the Mid America Youth Basketball tournament, which was held in several Kansas towns. She said 64 of the teams, mostly 8th grade boys and girls, competed at venues in Newton.Flickinger said that because of the expanding scope of the outbreak, the Kansas Department of Health and Environment is taking over the epidemiologic investigation.So far, officials have not identified the source of the outbreak, but they suspect it might be linked to a popular restaurant in Newton, she said.According to the CDC, Salmonella Enteritidis is one of the most common Salmonella serotypes and sources of foodborne disease in the United States.See also:Jun 23 CDC press releasePerishable Pundit bloghttp://www.perishablepundit.com/CDC background information on salmonellosislast_img read more

The three-month event “Splitski litnji koluri” begins – three months of culture, sports and music

first_imgTonight on Split’s Riva, starting at 21 pm, this year’s starts Split summer koluri.Manifestacija u organizaciji TZ Splita koja traje tri mjeseca, a sadrži razne kulturne, glazbene i sportske sadržaje te kroz 96 koncerata nastupiti će gotovo 1600 izvođača. Večerašnjim nastupom Majorette of the city of Split i Split majorettes and a band concert Pink Panter, opens a summer program that will host musicians from 6 countries.”The program will satisfy the tastes of all ages and interest groups, so we invite all dear fellow citizens and tourists to choose, either concerts as part of themed weekends, or numerous klapa concerts and performances by cultural and artistic societies to present the cultural heritage of our city. ” ističu iz TZ Splita. Koncerti u lipnju i srpnju održavaju se na Rivi s početkom u 21 sat, a u kolovozu i rujnu s početkom u 20:30 sati.Take a look at the entire program of three months of entertainment imbued with culture, music and sports herelast_img read more

100% Zagorsko is coming to Pula for the first time

first_imgKrapina-Zagorje County on June 08 and 09, 2018 in Pula (Portarata and Giardini) organizes its traditional event 100% ZAGORSKO, which has been held for many years in Zagreb and several years in Rijeka.100% ZAGORSKO is a sales and exhibition event where agricultural products grown in the traditional, conventional, integrated and ecological way, as well as products of traditional crafts of Krapina-Zagorje County will be exhibited. The original products of Zagorje will be represented by about fifty exhibitors – agricultural producers, craftsmen, companies, spas, agrotourism, hotels and restaurants and cultural institutions.The streets of Pula will be filled with the sounds and smells of Zagorje tradition. The offer will include pumpkin oil, honey, gingerbread, Zagorje mills, vegetables, fruits, brandies and liqueurs, cheese, juices and fruit wines, cured meat products, as well as gingerbread and traditional toys that are under the protection of UNESCO. As part of the event, all-day animations will be organized for visitors, such as a presentation of the life of Krapina Neanderthals and a miniature view of the Hušnjakovo cave (photography, animation of children and adults), old crafts, fighting and warfare of knights in the late Middle Ages and a rich cultural and artistic program.On the opening day of the event, on Friday, June 08, 2018, it will be held Meeting of Istrian and Zagorje businessmen as well as the tourism sector.Music fence as a gift to PulaKrapina-Zagorje County will the City of Pula donate a music fence on which they can be played the first bars of the Croatian anthem. The first such fence was erected in Krapina-Zagorje County, in Zelenjak, near the monument to the Croatian anthem. The Krapina-Zagorje County has already donated the same fence to the City of Vukovar, and after Pula, it will donate it to the City of Rijeka in August this year, also during the 100% ZAGORSKO event.All praise for Krapina-Zagorje County and the Tourist Board of Krapina-Zagorje County who think outside the box, do not whine and wait, but are proactive and try in various ways to reach the target group, especially in continental tourism where we do not have sun and sea as a motive for arrival and it is much harder to generate tourist arrivals.One of the ways is certainly this one, through the excellent event 100 Zagorsko which promotes Zagorje as an interesting and rich tourist destination.Related news:ZAGORJE GOT ITS TOURIST CARD – ZAGORJE CARDINNOVATIVE TOURIST ATTRACTION INSTALLED IN UMAG – MUSIC FENCElast_img read more

Unique archaeological discovery: Roman chariot with horses found

first_imgPhoto: City portal Cibalia.info In tumulus 1, ie an earthen mound about 40 meters in diameter and about 1 meter high, a large burial chamber was found in which they were laid. two-wheeled Roman carts with horses. Vinkovci, as the oldest city in Europe, in the area where people have lived continuously for more than 8300 years, keeps many secrets underground, and the entire area of ​​Vinkovci has been declared a protected archaeological zone since 1982. By the way, it is less known how two Roman emperors, Valens and Valentinian, were born in Vinkovci. The excavated tomb, as Kratofil points out, is estimated to date from the 3rd century AD, which ranks it among the youngest examples of this funeral custom. The complex process of documenting the findings, which has been carried out since the beginning of the research, will bring numerous new insights into the construction of Roman chariots, which will ultimately enable their complete reconstruction and presentation in the permanent exhibition of the Vinkovci City Museum. Photo: Novosti.hr “The custom of burying under mounds or tumuli is a remarkable way of burial ritual during the Roman period in the south of the Pannonian Plain, and is associated with extremely wealthy families who played a prominent role in the administrative, social and economic life of Pannonia. By locating an earthen mound along one of the most important roads of the Roman Empire, which connected the Apennine Peninsula with Pannonia and the Balkans and Asia Minor, the aristocratic family living near Cibala wanted to show all travelers passing by this road their prominent status, but also the wealth that possessed. The most significant discovery is the finding of a Roman chariot with harnessed horses, ie it is the first archaeologically investigated ancient burial with a chariot in Croatia.”, Points out the curator of the Vinkovci Museum Boris Kratofil for Novosti.hr Research at this site began in 2017, and these are the first major discoveries, significant to the extent that we have not had anything similar in Croatia so far. center_img This site has aroused great interest in the profession throughout Croatia, according to many archaeologists from all over the country come to see what is happening in Stari Jankovci. “This is a sensational, unique discovery in the whole of Croatia, because this is the first time in our country that such a complex funeral belief from the time of Antiquity has been archaeologically researched and documented. Now follows a long process of restoration and conservation, but also a complete analysis of what was found. I hope that in a few years we will know a little more about the family whose members were buried in this area decades ago, 1.800 years ago. We are more interested in the horses themselves, ie whether they were bred here or came from other parts of the empire, and what they will tell us more about the importance and wealth of this family. We will achieve this through cooperation with domestic and numerous European institutions”, Said Marko Dizdar, director of the Institute of Archeology. Sensational and unique archaeological discovery in the whole of Croatia. Photo / Source: Novosti.hr Archaeologists from the Vinkovci City Museum and the Institute of Archeology in Zagreb yesterday presented the results of research they are conducting at the site in Stari Jankovci. last_img read more