The intention to change to healthier behaviour may be good, but to accomplish it is a challenge, especially if you don’t have the knowledge about how to achieve this change. Change usually does not happen all at once, it is a gradual process that involves several stages. Psychologist James Prochaska, John Norcoss, and Carlo DiClemente developed the Transtheoretical Model of stages of change to aid with the process of self-change. This model identifies six stages in the process that describes underlying processes that people go through to change most problem behaviours and adopt healthy behaviours. Most frequently, the model is used to change health-related behaviours such as physical inactivity, smoking, poor nutrition, weight problems, stress, and alcohol abuse. Understanding each stage of the model will help individuals to determine where they are in relation to their personal healthy lifestyle behaviours. It will also help to identify processes to make successful change. The stages are as follows: CONTEMPLATION People in this stage acknowledge that they have a problem and begin to seriously think about overcoming it. They are not quite ready for change, however, they are weighing the pros and cons of changing. People may remain in this stage for years although in their minds they are planning to take some action within the next six months. Education and peer support is valuable during this stage. PRECONTEMPLATION People in this stage are not considering change or do not want to change a given behaviour. They typically deny having a problem even though other people around them, including health-care practitioners, identify the problem clearly. They have no intention of changing in the immediate future and may even avoid information and materials that address the issue. These people frequently have an active resistance to change and seem resigned to accept the unhealthy behaviour as their ‘fate’. At this stage, educating them about the problem is critical to helping them start contemplating the change, by helping them to realise that they are ultimately responsible for the consequences of their behaviour. PREPARATION In this stage, people are seriously considering change and planning to change a behaviour within the next month. They take initial steps for change, like even trying the new behaviour for a short while such as quitting smoking for a day or exercising a few times during the month. During this stage, people define a general goal for change and write specific objectives to accomplish these goals. Continued peer and environmental support are helpful during this stage. ACTION People at this stage are actively doing things to change or modify the problem behaviour or to adopt a healthy behaviour. This stage requires the greatest commitment of time and energy on the part of the individual. The person is required to follow specific guidelines set forth for that behaviour. Relapse is common during this stage, and the individual may regress to previous stages. Once the individual is able to maintain the action stage for six consecutive months, they move to the maintenance stage. MAINTENANCE During this stage, the person continues the behaviour for up to five years. This phase requires continued adherence to the specific guidelines that govern the behaviour, example, exercising aerobically three times per week. The person works to maintain the gains made through the various stages of change and strive to prevent lapses and relapses. TERMINATION/ADOPTION Once a behaviour has been maintained for over five years, a person is said to be in the termination or adoption phase and exits from the cycle of change without fear of relapse. In the case of negative behaviours that are terminated, the stage of change is referred to as termination. If a positive behaviour has been successfully adopted over the period, this stage is designated the adoption stage or the ‘transformed stage of change’. This phase is the ultimate goal for all people seeking a healthier lifestyle and the quest for wellness. However, the likelihood for relapse is always high and can happen at any stage. Relapse, however, does not mean failure. Failure comes only to those who give up and don’t use prior experiences as building blocks for future success. The chances of moving back up to a higher stage of the model are far better for someone who has previously made it into one of those stages.
WINNIPEG, Canada (CMC):Jamaican jockey Dale Nelson made two bold statements at Northlands Park Saturday when he snatched the CAN$50,000 Sonoma Stakes and $53,330 Sun Sprint Championship Stakes on the 13-race Derby Day card.Nelson scored by 5-1/4 lengths in the Sonoma in race three with the three-year-old bay filly Hero’s Amor, before returning in race 10 to win the Sun Sprint by half-length with 17-1 outsider Clear the Runway.In the feature $200,000 Canadian Derby in race 12, Nelson finished second aboard 9-1 chance Witt Six, as 3-1 chance Academic reached the wire first by eight lengths. The favourite, Blue Dancer, with Barbadian Rico Walcott aboard, was a disappointing fifth.Going a mile and 16th in the Sonoma, Nelson tracked from second with Hero’s Amor, as Eustacia set the pace with quick fractions of 22.62 for the quarter and 46.22 for the half. Nelson brought Hero’s Amor to challenge on the final turn, picked up the lead in the lane before getting the filly to the finish 5-1/4 lengths clear, to dismiss the three-year-old fillies.In a 6-1/2 furlong sprint in the Sun Sprint, Nelson brought Clear the Runway from last to beat the three-year-olds and upward by half length. Red Red Rose set the pace through the first quarter with 22.21, before Brackendale came to challenge and battled into the stretch.Almost last heading into the lane, Nelson brought the six-year-old bay gelding with a strong run along the rails to clinch a narrow victory ahead of Tiny Giant.
English Premier League StandingsStandings P W D L GF GA GD Pts1 Man City 2 2 0 0 6 0 6 62 Leicester City 2 2 0 0 6 3 3 63 Man United 2 2 0 0 2 0 2 64 Everton 2 1 1 0 5 2 3 45 Swansea 2 1 1 0 4 2 2 46 Crystal Palace 2 1 0 1 4 3 1 37 West Ham 2 1 0 1 3 2 1 38 Liverpool 1 1 0 0 1 0 1 39 Norwich City 2 1 0 1 4 4 0 310 Aston Villa 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 3 P W D L GF GA GD Pts11 Arsenal 2 1 0 1 2 3 -1 312 Watford 2 0 2 0 2 2 0 213 Stoke City 2 0 1 1 2 3 -1 114 Tottenham 2 0 1 1 2 3 -1 115 Newcastle 2 0 1 1 2 4 -2 116 Chelsea 2 0 1 1 2 5 -3 117 Southampton 2 0 1 1 2 5 -3 118 West Brom 2 0 1 1 0 3 -3 119 AFC Bournemouth 1 0 0 1 0 1 -1 020 Sunderland 2 0 0 2 3 7 -4 0
Hot apprentice Linton Steadman stole the show at Caymanas Park yesterday, becoming the first from the recent batch of Jockeys’ School graduates to ride a triple.His winners were 4-5 favourite SIR BIGGS for trainer Donovan Plummer in the third race over 1820 metres for maiden three-year-olds, EXPRESS TRUCK at 9-2 for trainer Steven Todd in the sixth race over a mile for $180,000 claimers and the Ryan Darby-trained POCKET MONEY, a 6-5 favourite in the closing race over 1200 metres for $180,000 claimers.A past student of Waterford High, Steadman, 25, duly made amends for not landing his first triple last Saturday, when one of his winners, DOC HOLIDAY, was disqualified by the stewards after passing the post first in the seventh race over 1500 metres.The disqualification did not prevent him from emerging the CTL Jockey of the Month – with eight winners – winning the incentive in only his first full month in the saddle, having ridden for the first time on September 26.The popular young rider has so far ridden 13 winners to become the fastest apprentice to reduce his claiming allowance from 4.0kg to 3.0kg.On a day when the apprentices dominated by winning seven of the 10 races, Steadman said he was happy with his form.”I was looking forward to taking the triple last Saturday, but Doc Holiday was unfortunately disqualified.”Today, everything fell into place, and I can’t wait to get back into the saddle on Saturday. Right now, I want to win every race, and with this kind of focus, I should continue to do well,” said Steadman, who is apprenticed to 14-time champion trainer Wayne DaCosta, who gave him his first winner, VISION, on September 26.Fellow apprentices Odean Edwards and Bebeto Harvey rode two winners each, Edwards just missing a triple when the Richard Azan-trained ABBEY ROAD (5-2) was beaten by a nose in a tight photo finish by the Shane Ellis-ridden favourite, BONGO KING, in the eighth race over 1600 metres.Harvey, meanwhile, made all aboard the Robert Darby-trained 4-5 favourite, FORCE DE JOUR, in the ninth race (high claiming) over 1100 metres – the 4-y-o colt recording his sixth consecutive win.Trainer Steven Todd topped all trainers with two winners in EXPRSSS TRUCK and BLUE EYE BOY at 2-1.
LACKING QUALITY Former Rivoli and Waterhouse coach Calvert Fitzgerald was critical of the overseas-born players in the squad, arguing that they lacked real quality and add nothing to the team. “The Jamaica national team is mainly made up of players from England who play in the lower leagues. A lot of them not even start in the championship. So it simply means they could not be all that good. None of them can land a contract out of England,” he said. Powell has been singled out for his performances but Rudolph Speid, the former Kingston and St Andrew Football Association president and current technical director at Red Stripe Premier league campaigner Cavalier,was a little more forgiving. “The public is against Alvas not for his playing. Everyone is looking that he walked out of the team and got back without a minute suspension, but I don’t think he is a bad player. He has been found wanting, but he is young,” he reasoned, before giving his assessment of the team’s chances in their remaining two group games. “Panama has everything in their favour. They have the points, they have the goal difference, they are at home and physically, we cannot bully them, so it’s for the coach to choose the right tactics,” Speid said. “We will definitely need help from other teams, most notable from Costa Rica, and we have to be perfect in our two games.” Powell has also come under pressure for his lapses defensively, but Speid put his mistakes down to inexperience. Schafer was contacted yesterday, but declined to comment. Meanwhile, Jamaica sits third in their group on four points – three less than Panama, where they will travel to on September 2; and six behind leaders Costa Rica. Haiti, who will play in Kingston on September 6, are in last place on one point. Reggae Boyz head coach Winfried Schafer and his technical staff have been given a failing grade by local coaches, after the team’s unconvincing showing in recent times, underlined by poor results in back-to-back World Cup qualifiers against Costa Rica. Defensive weakness, incorrect tactics, apparent discontent in the camp and the presence of what some have called substandard overseas-born players, are among the major issues mentioned. It has been suggested that the return of defender Alvas Powell to the fold – unpunished, after walking out on the team in the Gold Cup – is a cause of the contention within the squad. The team started well against ‘Los Ticos’ in the first game last week Friday, playing the best football they have played in some time and taking a 1-0 lead into the break. Costa Rica secured the equaliser for a 1-1 draw before outclassing the Jamaicans 3-0 in the reverse fixture. Former national assistant coach Bradley Stewart questioned some of Schafer’s choices, in particular his decision to keep defender Adrian Mariappa on the field in last Friday’s draw. “Mariappa got injured and the best thing he (Schafer) should have done is take Mariappa out and put in Jermaine Taylor, as a fit Taylor is as good as a fit Mariappa,” he said. “If you are a quality team you are expected to win your games at home, things are against you when you travel. It is always more difficult to beat a team at their yard that you cannot beat at your yard,” he stated in a grim outlook on the team’s chances to advance.
EVERYDAY STRUGGLE Blake recalled that his humble upbringing in the deep-rural Morningside district in St Elizabeth, and his everyday struggles to attend St Elizabeth Technical High School, “propelled” him to win a relay bronze medal at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, and silver at the 1995 World Championships in Gothenburg, Sweden. “It’s (book) going to start a dialogue and open the eyes. To be honest, I am not trying to be a millionaire from this book, My hope is that it will reach in the hands of all high-school athletes and they will be able to take this book home and let their parents read it,” explained Blake, who says he wants to help athletes stay focused “on the rugged path to athletic prowess”. He added that, the track arena is not going to be easy for the athletes, while noting he suffered “fights” during his time on the track. “The whole idea is to motivate athletes who come from a struggling background, disenfranchised kids. Kids sidelined and losing hope, this book is going to teach them to fight that type of demon and propel themselves forward. “I’ve had the experience of making the national team and some people did not want me on the 4x400m and coaches told me I am to stay focused, and I know exactly what that meant …” he recalled. Blake is of the view that past athletes are not well appreciated in Jamaica but he considers them “trend-setters for upcoming athletes to excel towards”. Blake, who represented Jamaica at two Olympic Games, two World Championships, two World University Games, one Pan American Games and one Commonwealth Games, stressed that he feels Jamaican athletes should show more guts and courage and not take abuse. “I find that with professional athletes, they have no backbone these days … . I have had experiences where these athletes just take anything. Sports in Jamaica has gone to a point where it’s all about winning, and athletes have suffered for the sport that they love, and the book is going to talk about some of the challenges that I have faced and correlate it with some of the challenges that other athletes have and will face over the years,” stressed Blake. Retired Olympian, Dennis Blake says he is hoping to use his book, Dennis Blake’s Memoir: An Olympian’s Hidden Secrets, to help young athletes, their parents, coaches and stakeholders of track and field to “knock out fear, overcome challenges and achieve their goals”. Blake, 45, describes himself as a coach, does consultation and gives motivational speeches to students, athletes and professionals seeking to reach the highest levels in sport. “This book opens an important conversation for anyone who is struggling to make a difference in their lives and to fulfil their personal goals,” he said. “Readers will be inspired by the indelible stories which will also shed light on the significant challenges faced by athletes when competing at the elite level,” Blake told The Gleaner in an interview. His book will be published in two parts, the first of which is scheduled to hit the shelves in summer in the United States and will be sold for US$14.95. “My hope and dream for this book is for it to be read by all athletes. It is mostly geared towards those disenfranchised athletes, those athletes who have goals and feel like they can’t make it or they don’t see any light at the end of the tunnel,” added Blake, who is now based in the United States.
Boys’ Town head coach Andrew Price is highly confident that the young players added to the Red Stripe Premier League squad will move the club from the cellar position they currently occupy and into a more respectable spot. Despite being in last place on 15 points from their 20 games, Price believes that the youngsters have brought renewed energy to the Collie Smith Drive-based club, which he expects will reflect in results. A 1-0 win over old foes Harbour View on Sunday night in their most recent assignment, courtesy of a third minute Andrew ‘Alvez’ Allen strike, gives credibility to Price’s conviction. In that game, the brave coach introduced several youngster including three schoolboys in the starting eleven. Among the youngsters that played were 17 year-old goalkeeper Shavian Wilson of Excelsior High as well as Chavanney Willis and Orlando Brown of Manning Cup champions Jamaica College. PUSH FORWARD “We are blending the youngsters with the experienced players as I am willing to put young players on the field,” Price told The Gleaner yesterday. “A lot of youth have been promoted from the squad that won the KSAFA Under-20 title last summer. Right now we have a cadre of players that can help the team. We are not far away so the aim is to push forward with 12 games remaining in the preliminary stage,” Price stated. In addition to the schoolboys, Boys’ Town’s roster includes the competition’s leading goalscorer Shamar Nicholson, who is on ten goals, former Bridgeport High standout Jamiel Hardware, plus veteran players such as Michael Campbell, Daemion Benjamin, Wayne Ellis and Garfield Gillespie. Boys’ Town is scheduled to tackle promoted Maverley-Hughenden in their next Red Stripe Premier League assignment on Sunday at Barbican Complex, starting at 3 p.m. Price will be hoping that youthful exuberance will continue to drive the ‘Red Brigade’ away from the drop zone.
Calabar’s De’Jour Russell had a successful opening to his 2017 athletics campaign at yesterday’s Youngster Goldsmith Classic inside the National Stadium. Competing for the first time in the Class One 110m hurdles, Russell destroyed his opponents to win the event in a fast 13.45 seconds, getting the better of his teammate, Orlando Bernard, who was second in 14.00, with Kingston College ‘s Phillip Beckford taking third in 14.2. Russell, a fourth-place finisher in the event at the IAAF World Under-20 Championships in Poland last year, was happy with his winning time. “I am very pleased with my win and I am not surprised that I won so easily, as despite this being my first race this season, I have been training very hard,” said Russell. There were also some impressive times among the female hurdlers as well. Vere Technical’s Britany Anderson, despite this being her first year in Class Two, ran a blinder in winning the girls’ 100m hurdles in an astonishing 13.18 seconds – the fastest time ever by a Class Two athlete in the event. Donna Ray Lee of Hydel was second in 13.51 seconds, with third going to St Jago’s Rosalee Cooper in 13.74 seconds. There was a close finish in the girls’ Class One equivalent between Edwin Allen’s Gabrielle McDonald and Vere Technical’s Amoi Brown, who were inseparable after both touching the line together in 13.55 seconds. Hydel’s Trishana Hemmings got third in 13.86 seconds. Edwin Allen also took home the Class Three 80m hurdles, as Lisandra Brown won in 11.27 seconds, ahead of Gabrielle Matthew of Hydel second in 11.37 seconds, with Excelsior’s Ackera Nugent finishing third in 11.40 seconds. St Jago’s Danae Nembhard was best in the Class Four 70m hurdles, winning the event in 10.76 seconds, as Chantel Williams of Alpha took second in 10.80 seconds, with third going to Samoya Pottinger of Hydel on 10.92 seconds. GIRLS High Jump Class Three 1. Shantae Foreman (XLCR) 1.65m 2. Daniel Hinds (XLCR) 1.60m 3. Ania Robinson (Rusea’s) 1.60m 400M Class Two 1. Cherokee Young (Hydel) 56.84 2. Nickeisha Pryce (Vere) 56.90 3. Jeneille Jones (St Andrew) 57.38 Boys Class Two 110 Hurdles 1. Wayne Pinnock (KC) 13.71 2. Jeremy Farr (Wolmer’s) 14.04 3. Bruton Senior (Rusea’s) 14.27 Class Three 100 Hurdles 1. Jarel Granville (St Jago) 13.41 2. Tahje Francis (KC) 13.73 3. Jerome Campbell (Calabar) 13.80 Long Jump Class One 1. Carey McLeod (KC) 7.50m 2. Shakwon Coke (KC) 7.05m 3. Sadike McFarlane 7.03m Long Jump Class Three 1. Nicholloyd Brown (Calabar) 6.22M 2. Scott McLeod (KC) 5.84M 3. Jordan Turner (Calabar) 5.81M CLOSE FINISH SELECTED RESULTS
“We are still gathering information,” Uytengsu said.The Ironman race in Cebu also had a casualty back in 2012. –With reports from Christian Orellano and Norman MendozaSports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano View comments Photo by Tristan Tamayo/ INQUIRER.netLAPU-LAPU CITY — Tragedy struck in the 2017 Ironman 70.3 Philippines when a triathlete passed away during the gruelling race Sunday at Shangri-La Mactan here.In a report by Cebu Daily News, the athlete, who was participating in the men’s 45-49 category, suddenly stopped on his tracks during the 1.9-kilometer swim course and was seen waving his hands, calling the attention of the race marshals who immediately swam to him.ADVERTISEMENT SEA Games: Kim Mangrobang wins gold anew as Filipinos secure triathlon double sweep PLAY LIST 01:05SEA Games: Kim Mangrobang wins gold anew as Filipinos secure triathlon double sweep00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles01:40Filipinos turn Taal Volcano ash, plastic trash into bricks01:32Taal Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite Albay to send off disaster response team to Batangas End of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legend 787 earthquakes recorded in 24 hours due to restive Taal Volcano Teen gunned down in Masbate Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ LATEST STORIES 2 nabbed in Bicol drug stings Triathlete dies in Cebu Ironman OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. The Philippine Red Cross identified the athlete as Eric Nadal Mediavillo, 47, from PMMA Multi Sport team.Mediavillo was unconscious when he was brought to shore. Paramedics still tried to revive the triathlete before rushing him to Mactan Doctor’s Hospital. He was pronounced dead on arrival at 9:47 a.m.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie ThompsonSPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’“We are deeply saddened to confirm the death of one of our athletes following the Ironman 70.3 Philippines in Cebu. The athlete required medical attention during the swim portion of Sunday’s race and was properly transported to a nearby hospital where they were treated. Our condolences go out to the athlete’s family and friends, whom we will continue to support,” the organizers said in a statement.Sunrise Events founder Wilfred Steven Uytengsu said the organizers were still investigating the incident. MOST READ Vilma Santos, Luis Manzano warn public of fake account posing as her
“We have a very strong team,” said head coach Francis Vicente. “This is the best we got. I hope we beat Malaysia and come up with a strong start.”Two years ago in Singapore, the Philippines scored straight sets win against Malaysia. But this time, the Filipinos will have to deal with the hometown crowd as well.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSEnd of his agony? SC rules in favor of Espinosa, orders promoter heirs to pay boxing legendSPORTSRedemption is sweet for Ginebra, Scottie Thompson Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles02:11SEA GAMES 2019: PH’s Nesthy Petecio boxing featherweight final (HIGHLIGHTS)08:07Athletes treated to a spectacle as SEA Games 2019 officially ends06:27SEA Games 2019: No surprises as Gilas Pilipinas cruises to basketball gold05:02SEA Games 2019: Philippines clinches historic gold in women’s basketball05:21Drama in karate: Tsukii ‘very sad’ over coach’s bullying, cold shoulder03:24PH’s James Palicte boxing light welterweight final (HIGHLIGHTS) Marcosian mode: Duterte threatens to arrest water execs ‘one night’ National Historical team rescues Amorsolos, artifacts from Taal Hotdog’s Dennis Garcia dies LATEST STORIES Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. The Philippines will take on Vietnam next in the group stage before going up against either Indonesia or Thailand in the sudden-death semifinals.The country last won a gold in 1993 with a team composed of Nene Ybanez-Chavez. During the 2005 Games in Manila, the Philippines wound up third—the last time the country won a medal in the sport.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Search on for 5 Indonesians snatched anew in Lahad Datu MOST READ Bishop Baylon encourages faithful in Albay to help Taal evacuees Police seize P68-M worth of ‘shabu’ in Pasay KUALA LUMPUR—The Philippine women’s volleyball team, the delegation sweethearts, begins its long and arduous trek to the podium Thursday when it faces host Malaysia at 2 p.m. in the 29th Southeast Asian Games at MITEC Hall 11.The team is composed of the A-list stars of a sport whose popularity has been skyrocketing and boasts months of training that sent them to Japan and Kazakhstan.ADVERTISEMENT OSG plea to revoke ABS-CBN franchise ‘a duplicitous move’ – Lacson SPORTSMayweather beats Pacquiao, Canelo for ‘Fighter of the Decade’“We have to play with toughness and intensity,” said Vicente, who is eyeing at least a podium finish for the team that just last week finished eighth in the Asian Championships.In the Asians, the Philippines beat Vietnam and Hong Kong, banking on a newfound chemistry among superstars Alyssa Valdez, Aby Marano, Jaja Santiago and team captain Mika Reyes. What’s in store for your animal sign this year Britain’s Prince Harry and Meghan Markle to give up royal titles SEA Games: PH athletics team delivers 2 golds before day’s end View comments